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Laura A. Schoenle
Assistant Director, Coordinator of Undergraduate Research and Honors
Office of Undergraduate Biology
Cornell University
Coping with Infection: Resistance and Tolerance of Parasites in Soay Sheep

This interrupted case study introduces two distinct, but not mutually exclusive, strategies for defending against parasites: resistance and tolerance. Students analyze and interpret research conducted on resistance and tolerance to gastrointestinal parasites in Soay sheep (Ovis aries), and discuss the relative costs and benefits of these defense strategies. Immune responses have costs, and fighting off parasites is not always adaptive. The final part of the case study asks students to look beyond the Soay sheep example and consider how resistance and tolerance could provide insights into the management of infectious disease and antibiotic resistance. This case was designed for an upper level undergraduate vertebrate physiology course, but could also be used in courses like introductory disease ecology, ecological physiology, evolutionary medicine, or immunology.