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Analyzing Clinical Literature

Making Informed Decisions



Co Authors:

Rachel A. Jackson
Department of Biology
Marian University

Kimberly S.C. Vogt
Department of Biology
Marian University
kvogt@marian.edu

Abstract:

Reading and understanding scientific literature can be a daunting task for students in introductory science courses. This decision/dilemma case study helps ease them into the process by using a short scientific article with a simple experimental design that compares two types of ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) surgery, autograft and allograft. The case tells the story of Todd, a martial artist who recently tore his ACL in competition. With the help of the article, Todd discusses the potential surgical options provided by his doctor with his friend, Sam, a medical student. The case has the added value of demonstrating how one can use scientific literature to make informed healthcare decisions based on clinical evidence. Please note that the required article (Kane et al., Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 24(11): 3627–33) is not provided with this case; prior to assigning this material, instructors should confirm that students can access the article, since access may vary by institution.

Objectives:
  • Read, understand, and interpret scientific articles.
  • List and understand the limitations of a given scientific study.
  • Apply the results of a scientific study to make informed decisions.
Keywords: clinical; primary literature; surgery; ACL; medical article; experiment; autograft; allograft; anterior cruciate ligament
Topical Area: N/A
Educational Level: Undergraduate lower division, Undergraduate upper division, Clinical education
Formats: PDF
Type/Method: Dilemma/Decision, Journal Article
Language: English
Subject Headings: Anatomy   Biology (General)   Medicine (General)   Physiology   Sports Science  
Date Posted: 2/22/2019
Date Modified: N/A
Copyright: Copyright held by the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science, University at Buffalo, State University of New York. Please see our usage guidelines, which outline our policy concerning permissible reproduction of this work.

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