Closing the Gap
Antiretroviral Therapy for the Developing World
College of Arts and Sciences
Saint Xavier University
In this problem-based learning/role playing case, students apply their knowledge of the biology of HIV/AIDS and antiretroviral therapy to developing foreign aid policy for the HIV/AIDS crisis in sub-Saharan Africa. The case was created for a non-majors course in human biology taken mostly by juniors or seniors. It has also been used in a microbiology course for pre-nursing students and in an upper-level microbiology course for biology majors.
- Apply knowledge of the transmission and progression of HIV/AIDS (gained through previous lectures and readings) to the analysis of an international political-social situation.
- Compare and contrast the status of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the USA/Europe versus sub-Saharan Africa.
- Propose and analyze solutions to HIV/AIDS in the developing world.
KeywordsHighly active anti-retroviral therapy; HAART; retroviruses; human immunodeficiency virus; HIV; acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; AIDS; Botswana; Africa; developing world; foreign aid; foreign policy
Educational LevelUndergraduate lower division, Undergraduate upper division
Type MethodsJig-Saw, Problem-Based Learning, Role-Play
Subject HeadingsBiology (General) Public Health Microbiology
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Teaching notes are intended to help teachers select and adopt a case. They typically include a summary of the case, teaching objectives, information about the intended audience, details about how the case may be taught, and a list of references and resources.
This case includes a PowerPoint presentation that instructors may wish to use to introduce the topic of HIV/AIDS epidemiology and the social costs of the disease in sub-Saharan Africa. The PowerPoint was produced by UNAIDS, © Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 2003, all rights reserved.