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What is Native Fluency?

The Ambiguous Nature of Bilingualism and Its Ramifications for Writing Instruction



Co Authors:

Brahmadeo Dewprashad
Department of Science
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
bdewprashad@bmcc.cuny.edu

Teresa M. Schulz
Science Department
Lansing Community College
schulzt@lcc.edu

William H. Cliff
Department of Biology
Niagara University
bcliff@niagara.edu

Ann W. Wright
Department of Biology
Canisius College

Mary Allen
Department of Biology
Hartwick College
allenm1@hartwick.edu

Mark L. Kuhlmann
Department of Biology
Hartwick College
kuhlmannm@hartwick.edu

Robert H. Grant
Editorial Department
The Scientist
info@the-scientist.com

Teresa M. Schulz
Science Department
Lansing Community College
schulzt@lcc.edu

Kathy Gallucci
Biology Department
Elon University
gallucci@elon.edu

Preeti Dhar
Chemistry Department
SUNY New Paltz
dharp@newpaltz.edu

Herbert House
Biology Department
Elon University
househ@elon.edu

Susan Holt
Life Sciences Learning Center
University of Rochester
sholtbmn@aol.com

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Erik Zavrel
Department of Biomedical Engineering
Cornell University
eaz29@cornell.edu

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Barbra Burdett
Biology, Anthropology
Lincoln College
bburdett@lincolncollege.edu

Angela Green
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University

Merri Lynn Casem
Department of Biological Science
California State University Fullerton
mcasem@fullerton.edu

Dan Johnson
Biology Department
Wake Forest University
johnsoad@wfu.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Christopher Hollister
University Libraries
University at Buffalo
cvh2@buffalo.edu

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Deborah Engelen-Eigles
Department of Sociology / Women and Gender Studies
Century College
debbie.engelen@century.edu

Jamie G. McMinn
Psychology Department
Westminster College
mcminnjg@westminster.edu

Jamie G. McMinn
Psychology Department
Westminster College
mcminnjg@westminster.edu

Sheila O’Brien Quinn
Department of Psychology
Salve Regina University
sheila.quinn@salve.edu

Kathleen A. Cornely
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Providence College
kcornely@providence.edu

Frank J. Dinan
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry
Canisius College
dinan@canisius.edu

Melinda Box
Department of Natural Sciences
Wake Technical Community College
mcbox@waketech.edu

Michael Tessmer
Chemistry Department
Southwestern College
mtessmer@sckans.edu

Michael S. Hudecki
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
hudecki@buffalo.edu

David L. Ozsvath
Department of Geography/Geology
University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point
dozsvath@uwsp.edu

Angela Wisniewski
Department of Family Medicine and Pharmacy Practice
University at Buffalo
amw25@buffalo.edu

Thuy N. Nguyen
Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Economics & Policy
University of Southern California
t.nguyen@usc.edu

David Newberger
Department of Family Medicine
University at Buffalo
dsn@buffalo.edu

Erica F. Kosal
Department of Biology
North Carolina Wesleyan College
ekosal@ncwc.edu

Pauline A. Lizotte
Mathematics, Science and Health Careers
Manchester Community College
plizotte@mcc.commnet.edu

Gretchen E. Knapp
Biology Department
Illinois State University
geknapp@ilstu.edu

Brent J.F. Hill
Biology Department
University of Central Arkansas
bhill@uca.edu

Allison Russo
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Morgan Falk
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

Merle K. Heidemann
College of Natural Science, Emeritus
Michigan State University
heidema2@msu.edu

Gerald Urquhart
Lyman Briggs School of Science
Michigan State University
urquhar5@msu.edu

M. Elizabeth Strasser
Department of Anthropology
Sacramento State
strasser@saclink.csus.edu

Thomas Horvath
Biology Department
SUNY College at Oneonta
horvattg@oneonta.edu

Stephanie L. Brooke
Psychology Department
University of Phoenix
stephanielbrooke@aol.com

Janet Morahan-Martin
Department of Applied Psychology
Bryant University
jmorahan@bryant.edu

Elizabeth R. McCain
Biology Department
Muhlenberg College
mccain@muhlenberg.edu

Cindy Trussell
Natural Sciences
Kodiak College / University of Alaska Anchorage
ctrussell@kodiak.alaska.edu

Celeste A. Leander
Department of Biology & Zoology
The University of British Columbia
cleander@interchange.ubc.ca

Robert J. Huskey
Biology Department
University of Virginia

Teresa M. Schulz
Science Department
Lansing Community College
schulzt@lcc.edu

Wilma V. Colon Parrilla
Biological Sciences
University of Puerto Rico
wvcolon@uprrp.edu

Antoinette Miller
Psychology Department
Clayton State University
antoinettemiller@clayton.edu

Karen E. Bledsoe
Biology Department
Western Oregon University
bledsoek@wou.edu

Brahmadeo Dewprashad
Department of Science
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
bdewprashad@bmcc.cuny.edu

Kathleen Archer
Biology Department
Trinity College
EKathleen.Archer@trincoll.edu

Lauren Sahl
Corning School of Ocean Studies
Maine Maritime Academy
lauren.sahl@mma.edu

Sheri L. Boyce
Department of Biological Sciences
Messiah College
sboyce@messiah.edu

Melanie K. Rathburn
Department of General Education
Mount Royal University
mrathburn@mtroyal.ca

Karina J. Baum
Division of Natural Science / College of General Studies
Boston University
karibaum@bu.edu

David W. Kelley
Department of Geography
University of St. Thomas
dwkelley@stthomas.edu

Rebecca Helgesen
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

Debra A. Meuler
Biology Department
Cardinal Stritch University
dameuler@stritch.edu

Elaine S. Chapman
Department of Biology
Illinois College
chapman@ic.edu

Phoebe R. Stubblefield
Department of Anthropology
University of North Dakota
phoebe.stubblefield@und.edu

Elizabeth Scharf
Department of Anthropology
University of North Dakota
elizabeth.scharf@und.nodak.edu

Ling Chen
Science Department
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
lchen@bmcc.cuny.edu

Jennifer Y. Anderson
Health Science / Nursing
Brookdale Community College
jyanderson1@mail.brookdalecc.edu

Diane R. Wang
Biology, Plant Breeding and Genetics
Cornell University
drw44@cornell.edu

Keely Roen
Department of Wildlife Technology
Penn State DuBois
kat175@psu.edu

Karen T. Lee
Department of Biology
Univeristy at Pittsburgh at Johnstown
ktlee@pitt.edu

Rosemary Martin
School of Medicine / Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
The Australian National Univerity
rosemary.martin@anu.edu.au

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

Sarah G. Stonefoot
Department of Art & Art History
Beloit College
stonefos@beloit.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Lisa D. Hager
Psychology Department
Spring Hill College
lhager@shc.edu

Lisa Marie Rubin
Formulary Management
VA Western New York Healthcare System
Lexpress1982@yahoo.com; Lisa.Rubin@va.gov

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Bill Rhodes
Department of Horticulture
Clemson University
brhodes@clemson.edu

Maha M. Alkhazindar
Biotechnology
Cairo University

Nancy A. Schiller
University Libraries / National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
University at Buffalo
schiller@buffalo.edu

Ye Chen-Izu
Departments of Pharmacology, Biomedical Engineering, and Medicine
University of California Davis
ychenizu@ucdavis.edu

Frank J. Dinan
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry
Canisius College
dinan@canisius.edu

Anne Galbraith
Department of Biology
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse
galbrait.anne@uwlax.edu

David R. Howard
Department of Biology
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse
howard.davi@uwlax.edu

Christopher T.  Bailey
Division of Natural and Mathematical Sciences
Wells College
cbailey@wells.edu

Mohammad Mahroof-Tahir
Department of Chemistry
St. Cloud State University
mmahroof@stcloudstate.edu

J. Phil Gibson
Department of Biology and Department of Microbiology & Plant Biology
University of Oklahoma
jpgibson@ou.edu

Erik Zavrel
Department of Biomedical Engineering
Cornell University
eaz29@cornell.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Laura Y. Lorentzen
Department of Biology
Kean University
llorentz@kean.edu

Youssef Kousa
Department of Biochemstry & Molecular Biology
Michigan State University
kousayou@msu.edu

Erica F. Kosal
Department of Biology
North Carolina Wesleyan College
ekosal@ncwc.edu

Jacqueline Washington
Department of Biology and Chemistry
Nyack College
jacqueline.washington@nyack.edu

Anne Zayaitz
Department of Biology
Kutztown University
zayaitz@kutztown.edu

Herbert House
Biology Department
Elon University
househ@elon.edu

Li-hsuan Yang
Department of Education
University of Michigan—Flint
lihsuan@umflint.edu

Benjamin F. Timson
Department of Biomedical Sciences
Missouri State University
bentimson@missouristate.edu

Scott D. Zimmerman
Department of Biomedical Sciences
Missouri State University
scottzimmerman@missouristate.edu

Elizabeth Scharf
Department of Anthropology
University of North Dakota
elizabeth.scharf@und.nodak.edu

Jennifer Y. Anderson
Health Science / Nursing
Brookdale Community College
jyanderson1@mail.brookdalecc.edu

Diane R. Wang
Biology, Plant Breeding and Genetics
Cornell University
drw44@cornell.edu

Ling Chen
Science Department
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
lchen@bmcc.cuny.edu

Jeanne Ting Chowning

Rainier Scholars
jchowning@rainierscholars.org

Richard C. Stewart
Department of Cell Biology & Molecular Genetics
University of Maryland
alec@umd.edu

Ann C. Smith
Office of Undergraduate Studies
University of Maryland
asmith@umd.edu

Patricia A. Shields
Department of Cell Biology & Molecular Genetics
University of Maryland
pshields@umd.edu

Frank J. Dinan
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry
Canisius College
dinan@canisius.edu

Thomas R. Stabler
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Canisius College
stabler@canisius.edu

Renee Larson
Biology Department
Canisius College

Sherry Ginn
Program in Social Sciences
Rowan-Cabarrus Community College
sherry.ginn@rccc.edu

Elizabeth J. Meinz
Department of Psychology
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
emeinz@siue.edu

David F. Dean
Department of Biology
Spring Hill College
ddean@shc.edu

David F. Dean
Department of Biology
Spring Hill College
ddean@shc.edu

Lisa Marie Rubin
Formulary Management
VA Western New York Healthcare System
Lexpress1982@yahoo.com; Lisa.Rubin@va.gov

Claudia Bode
Center for Environmentally Beneficial Catalysis
University of Kansas
bode@ku.edu

Allison Jablonski
Biology Department
Lynchburg College
jablonski@lynchburg.edu

Frank Bowman
Department of Chemical Engineering
University of North Dakota
frank.bowman@und.edu

Brian Tande
Department of Chemical Engineering
University of North Dakota
briantande@mail.und.edu

Stephanie E. August
Department of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
Loyola Marymount University
saugust@lmu.edu

Susan Behrens
Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders
Marymount Manhattan College
sbehrens@mmm.edu

Cindy Mercer
Academic Achievement
Marymount Manhattan College
cmercer@mmm.edu

Susan Bandoni Muench
Biology Department
SUNY Geneseo
bandoni@geneseo.edu

Susan B. Chaplin
Department of Biology
University of St. Thomas
sbchaplin@stthomas.edu

Laura J. Baumgartner
Department of Biology
University of St. Thomas

Christine M. Fleet
Biology Department
Emory & Henry College
cfleet@ehc.edu

Lynn Diener
Biology Department
Mount Mary College
dienerl@mtmary.edu

Patrick S. Market
Department of Soil, Environment, and Atmospheric Sciences
University of Missouri–Columbia
marketp@missouri.edu

Laurie LeBlanc
Chemistry Department
Cuyamaca College
laurie.leblanc@gcccd.edu

Robert Mazalewski
Department of Plant Sciences
University of California at Davis
rlmazalewski@ucdavis.edu

Jonathan Cook
Chemistry Department
Cuyamaca College

Jasmine King
Chemistry Department
Cuyamaca College

Bryan Hains
Department of Community and Leadership Development
University of Kentucky
bryan.hains@uky.edu

Dawn Hains
Independent Educational Consultant

Mark Balschweid
Department of Agricultural Leadership, Education & Communication
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
mbalschweid2@unl.edu

Joy M. Branlund
Department of Physical Science
Southwestern Illinois College
Joy.Branlund@swic.edu

Anne M. Casper
Department of Biology
Eastern Michigan University
anne.casper@emich.edu

Stephen R. Cronin
Department of Biology and Chemistry
Ave Maria University
stephen.cronin@avemaria.edu

Frank J. Dinan
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry
Canisius College
dinan@canisius.edu

Gordon T. Yee
Department of Chemistry
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
gyee@vt.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Brian Rybarczyk
Graduate School
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
brybar@unc.edu

Michèle I. Shuster
Department of Biology
New Mexico State University
mshuster@nmsu.edu

Karen Peterson
Human Biology Division
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
kpeterso@fhcrc.org

Susan Evarts
Horticulture
Minnesota Zoological Gardens
sievarts@gmail.com

Alison Krufka
Department of Biological Sciences
Rowan University
krufka@rowan.edu

Chester Wilson
Department of Biology
University of St. Thomas
c9wilson@stthomas.edu

Linda Niedziela
Biology Department
Elon University
lniedziela@elon.edu

Kari A. Mergenhagen
Infectious Disease
James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center
kari.mergenhagen@va.gov

Brahmadeo Dewprashad
Department of Science
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
bdewprashad@bmcc.cuny.edu

Karen M. Aguirre
Department of Biology
Coastal Carolina University
kmaguirr@coastal.edu

Lynne H. Gildensoph
Biology Department
St. Catherine University
lhgildensoph@stkate.edu

Alice M. Stanford
Division of Science and Mathematics
University of the Virgin Islands
astanfo@uvi.edu

Deborah D. Wygal
Biology Department
St. Catherine University
ddwygal@stkate.edu

Elizabeth R. McCain
Biology Department
Muhlenberg College
mccain@muhlenberg.edu

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Ann Henninger
Biology Department
Wartburg College
ann.henninger@wartburg.edu

Karen A. Pinco
Department of Biology
Westfield State College
kpinco@wsc.ma.edu

Wayne Shew
Department of Biology
Birmingham-Southern College

Troy R. Nash
Department of Biology
Mercer University
nash_tr@mercer.edu

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

David K. Spierer
School of Health Professions
Long Island University–Brooklyn Campus
david.spierer@liu.edu

Sandra Williams
College of Nursing
University of South Alabama–Springhill Campus

Jim Lyttle
School of Business, Public Administration and Information Sciences
Long Island University–Brooklyn Campus
jim.lyttle@liu.edu

Susan Fredstrom
Department of Family Consumer Science
Minnesota State University
susan.fredstrom@mnsu.edu

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Sohum Sohoni
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Oklahoma State University
sohum.sohoni@okstate.edu

Matt Reiten
Technical Staff
GMA Industries
mtreiten@gmail.com

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Kristie DuRei
Political Science Department
University at Buffalo

Wayne Shew
Department of Biology
Birmingham-Southern College

Mary Celeste Reese
Department of Biological Sciences
Mississippi State University
mcr4@biology.msstate.edu

Barry Chess
Natural Sciences Division
Pasadena City College
bxchess@pasadena.edu

Jessica Hutchison
Biological Sciences
Alfred State University
HutchiJM@alfredstate.edu

Ingolf Gruen
Department of Food Science
University of Missouri
GruenI@missouri.edu

Kim R. Finer
Department of Biological Sciences
Kent State University at Stark
kfiner@kent.edu

David F. Dean
Department of Biology
Spring Hill College
ddean@shc.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Ed Acheson
Department of Chemistry
Millikin University
eacheson@millikin.edu

Troy D. Wood
Department of Chemistry
University at Buffalo
twood@buffalo.edu

Julia Omarzu
Department of Psychology
Loras College
julia.omarzu@loras.edu

Stephanie Vail
School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences
University at Buffalo

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Frank Monteleone
Anthropology and Sociology
Houston Community College Southwest
frank.monteleone@hccs.edu

Lisa Marie Rubin
Formulary Management
VA Western New York Healthcare System
Lexpress1982@yahoo.com; Lisa.Rubin@va.gov

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Stephen J. Shawl
Department of Physics and Astronomy
University of Kansas
shawl@ku.edu

Lisa Marie Rubin
Formulary Management
VA Western New York Healthcare System
Lexpress1982@yahoo.com; Lisa.Rubin@va.gov

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Dennis Kingery
Biology Department
Metropolitan Community College
dkingery@mccneb.edu

Susan Nava-Whitehead
Sciences and Education Department
Becker College
susan.whitehead@becker.edu

Joan-Beth Gow
School of Fire and Health Sciences
Anna Maria College
jgow@annamaria.edu

Janis Hammer
Animal Science
Animal Behavior Institute
support@animaledu.com

Patrick R. Field
Department of Biological Sciences
Kean University
pfield@cougar.kean.edu

Thomas A. Cappaert
Department of Physical Education and Sport
Central Michigan University
cappa1ta@cmich.edu

Charlotte R. Zales
Education Department
Moravian College
crzales@moravian.edu

Joseph C. Colosi
Biology Department
DeSales University
jcc0@desales.edu

Catherine Dana Santanello
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
csantan@siue.edu

James A. Hewlett
Science and Technology Department
Finger Lakes Community College
hewletja@flcc.edu

Gerald F. Combs, Jr
Division of Nutritional Sciences
Cornell University
gfc2@cornell.edu

Kate Rittenhouse-Olson
Department of Biotechnical and Clinical Laboratory Sciences
University at Buffalo
krolson@buffalo.edu

Robert W. Grossman


Amy Pettigrew
College of Nursing
University of Cincinnati
amy.pettigrew@uc.edu

Linda Walsh
Psychology Department
University of Northern Iowa
walsh@uni.edu

Kathleen Boje
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
University at Buffalo
boje@buffalo.edu

Susannah Gal
Department of Biological Sciences
Penn State Harrisburg
sjg5538@psu.edu

Jessie W. Klein
Department of Mathematics and Science
Middlesex Community College
kleinj@middlesex.mass.edu

Ashley Coffelt
Department of Chemistry
Missouri State University

Mark M. Richter
Department of Chemistry
Missouri State University
markrichter@missouristate.edu

Philip Camill
Department of Biology
Bowdoin College
pcamill@bowdoin.edu

Wendy Heck-Grillo
Department of Biology
North Carolina Central University
wheck@nccu.edu

Andrea Novicki
Center for Instructional Technology
Duke University
andrea.novicki@duke.edu

Brian Rybarczyk
Graduate School
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
brybar@unc.edu

Catherine Dana Santanello
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
csantan@siue.edu

Jennifer Rehg
Deparrtment of Anthropology
Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
jrehg@siue.edu

David F. Dean
Department of Biology
Spring Hill College
ddean@shc.edu

Susan Behrens
Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders
Marymount Manhattan College
sbehrens@mmm.edu

Linda Carozza
Communication Science and Disorders
Pace University
lcarozza@pace.edu

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

Caren D. Shapiro
Department of Mathematics & Natural Sciences
D’Youville College
shapiroc@dyc.edu

Jennifer Bolognese
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Misti Coronel
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Anita Intorre
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

John S. Bennett
College of Natural and Health Sciences
University of Wisconsin – Parkside
bennettj@uwp.edu

Swamy Anantheswaran
Department of Food Science
Pennsylvania State University
rca3@psu.edu

Martin Kelly
Department of Mathematics & Natural Sciences
D'Youville College
martink@dyc.edu

Stephen C. Nold
Biology Department
University of Wisconsin-Stout
nolds@uwstout.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

David F. Dean
Department of Biology
Spring Hill College
ddean@shc.edu

Anthony C. Steyermark
Department of Biology
University of St. Thomas
acsteyermark@stthomas.edu

Junaid Ahmed Zubairi
Department of Math and Computer Science
SUNY Fredonia
zubairi@cs.fredonia.edu

David F. Dean
Department of Biology
Spring Hill College
ddean@shc.edu

Debby Walser-Kuntz
Department of Biology
Carleton College
dwalser@carleton.edu

Sarah Deel
Department of Biology
Carleton College
sdeel@carleton.edu

Susan R. Singer
Department of Biology
Carleton College
ssinger@carleton.edu

Gary M. Fortier
Department of Animal Biotechnology and Conservation
Delaware Valley College
gary.fortier@delval.edu

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

David F. Dean
Department of Biology
Spring Hill College
ddean@shc.edu

David F. Dean
Department of Biology
Spring Hill College
ddean@shc.edu

Brent J.F. Hill
Biology Department
University of Central Arkansas
bhill@uca.edu

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

David F. Dean
Department of Biology
Spring Hill College
ddean@shc.edu

Alan Cheville
Department of Electrical Engineering
Bucknell University
alan.cheville@bucknell.edu

Misa Scepanovic
Department of Electrical Engineering
Oklahoma State University

Robert W. Grossman


Thomas E. Ford
Psychology Department
Western Carolina University
tford@email.wcu.edu

Julia Omarzu
Department of Psychology
Loras College
julia.omarzu@loras.edu

Paula P. Lemons
Division of Biological Sciences
University of Georgia
plemons@uga.edu

Sarah K. Huber
Department of Fisheries Science
The College of William & Mary
skhuber@wm.edu

David F. Dean
Department of Biology
Spring Hill College
ddean@shc.edu

Stephanie DeMarco
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Caitlyn Woods
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

Jeffrey C. Reist
College of Pharmacy
University of Iowa
jeffrey-reist@uiowa.edu

Christine M. Catney
College of Pharmacy
University of Iowa
christine-catney@uiowa.edu

Karen Altendorf
Sociology Department
Oklahoma State University

Alan Cheville
Department of Electrical Engineering
Bucknell University
alan.cheville@bucknell.edu

Mary Rose Grant
School for Professional Services
Saint Louis University
grantmr@slu.edu

Robin Pals-Rylaarsdam
College of Arts and Sciences
Saint Xavier University
rylaarsdam@sxu.edu

Tangi Mitchell
Biological Sciences
Central Connecticut State University

Cheryl L. Watson
Biological Sciences
Central Connecticut State University
watsonc@ccsu.edu

Kristin B. Vessey
Department of Biological Sciences
Bowling Green State University

Karen Chambers
Department of Psychology & Communicative Disorders
Saint Mary’s College
kchambers@saintmarys.edu

Lindsey May
Biology Department
University of Wisconsin-Stout

Jessica Kotke
Biology Department
University of Wisconsin-Stout

Charles R. Bomar
Biology Department
University of Wisconsin-Stout
bomarc@uwstout.edu

Linda Markowitz
Sociology Department
Southern Illinois University
lmarkow@siue.edu

Catherine Dana Santanello
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
csantan@siue.edu

Laurie A. Parendes
Department of Geosciences
Edinboro University of Pennsylvania
lparendes@edinboro.edu

Scott H. Burris
Department of Agricultural Education and Communications
Texas Tech University
scott.burris@ttu.edu

Susan M. Galatowitsch
Water Resources Program
University of Minnesota
galat001@umn.edu

Barbara A. Peichel
Water Resources Program
University of Minnesota

Dayton J. Ford
Pharmaceutical Sciences
St. Louis College of Pharmacy
dford@stlcop.edu

Kari A. Mergenhagen
Infectious Disease
James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center
kari.mergenhagen@va.gov

Doug Knutson
Family Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
knutson.1@osu.edu

Doug M. Post
Family Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
Doug.post@osumc.edu

Kari A. Mergenhagen
Infectious Disease
James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center
kari.mergenhagen@va.gov

Nathan Strong
Biological Sciences / Chemistry Department
New Hampshire Technical Institute
nstrong@ccsnh.edu

Doug Knutson
Family Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
knutson.1@osu.edu

Doug M. Post
Family Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
Doug.post@osumc.edu

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

Jessica Dudek
University Honors College
University at Buffalo
jdudek@buffalo.edu

Nigel Marriner
Office of the Registrar
University at Buffalo
nmarrine@buffalo.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Sarah G. Stonefoot
Department of Art & Art History
Beloit College
stonefos@beloit.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Ann W. Fourtner


Charles R. Fourtner
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
fourtner@buffalo.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Nancy A. Schiller
University Libraries / National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
University at Buffalo
schiller@buffalo.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Christine M. Catney
College of Pharmacy
University of Iowa
christine-catney@uiowa.edu

Thomas R. Stabler
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Canisius College
stabler@canisius.edu

Frank J. Dinan
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry
Canisius College
dinan@canisius.edu

Peggy Brickman
Department of Plant Biology
University of Georgia
brickman@uga.edu

Ann W. Fourtner


Charles R. Fourtner
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
fourtner@buffalo.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Michael S. Hudecki
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
hudecki@buffalo.edu

Kari A. Mergenhagen
Infectious Disease
James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center
kari.mergenhagen@va.gov

Dayton J. Ford
Pharmaceutical Sciences
St. Louis College of Pharmacy
dford@stlcop.edu

Lauren E. Yaich
Division of Biological and Health Sciences
University of Pittsburgh at Bradford
yaich@pitt.edu

David R. Luginbuhl
Mathematics, Information & Life Sciences Directorate
Air Force Office of Scientific Research
david.luginbuhl@afosr.mil

Theresa Hornstein
Biology Department
Lake Superior College
t.hornstein@lsc.edu

Grace A. Wang
Department of Environmental Studies
Huxley College of the Environment
Bellingham, Washington 98225

David L. Ozsvath
Department of Geography/Geology
University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point
dozsvath@uwsp.edu

Christa Colyer
Department of Chemistry
Wake Forest University
colyercl@wfu.edu

Alan Cheville
Department of Electrical Engineering
Bucknell University
alan.cheville@bucknell.edu

Sheri L. Boyce
Department of Biological Sciences
Messiah College
sboyce@messiah.edu

Claudia Bode
Center for Environmentally Beneficial Catalysis
University of Kansas
bode@ku.edu

Alan Gleue
Science (Physics)
Lawrence High School
agleue@usd497.org

Carolyn Pearson
Science Department (Physics)
Bonner Springs High School
pearsonc@usd204.k12.ks.us

Thomas A. Cappaert
Department of Physical Education and Sport
Central Michigan University
cappa1ta@cmich.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Karol P. Rejman
School of Nursing
University at Buffalo
rejman@buffalo.edu

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Paul Welsh
Science Department
Singapore American School
pwelsh@sas.edu.sg

Malati M. Patil
Department of Electrical Engineering
University at Buffalo

Linda L. Tichenor
Biology Department
Aiken Technical College
tichenorl@atc.edu

Christopher T.  Bailey
Division of Natural and Mathematical Sciences
Wells College
cbailey@wells.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Eric Przykuta
Science Department
Lancaster Middle School
eprzykuta@lancaster.wnyric.org

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Sarah G. Stonefoot
Department of Art & Art History
Beloit College
stonefos@beloit.edu

Bruce C. Allen
Physics Department
University at Buffalo

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Jennifer Hayes-Klosteridis
Enrollment Management and Student Services
George Washington University
jhkloste3@email.gwu.edu

Alease S. Bruce
Department of Clinical Laboratory & Nutritional Sciences
University of Massachusetts Lowell
Alease_Bruce@uml.edu

Frank J. Dinan
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry
Canisius College
dinan@canisius.edu

Joseph Bieron
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry
Canisius College
bieron@canisius.edu

Elizabeth Harper
Biology Department
Monmouth University
eharper@monmouth.edu

Jacinth Maynard
Division of Physical and Computational Sciences
University of Pittsburgh at Bradford
jmaynard@lhup.edu

Mary Puterbaugh Mulcahy
Division of Biological and Health Sciences
University of Pittsburgh at Bradford
mnp1@exchange.upb.pitt.edu

Daniel Kermick
Division of Biological and Health Sciences
University at Pittsburgh at Bradford

Lynn Austin
Allied Health
Western Kentucky University
lynn.austin@wku.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Albert Titus
Department of Electrical Engineering
University at Buffalo
ahtitus@buffalo.edu

Elizabeth Clark
Department of Biology
Washington University in St. Louis

Lok C. Lew Yan Voon
Department of Physics
Wright State University
lok.lewyanvoon@wright.edu

Graham F. Peaslee
Chemistry Department
Hope College
peaslee@hope.edu

Juliette Lantz
Chemistry Department
Drew University
jlantz@drew.edu

Mary Walczak
Chemistry Department
St. Olaf College
walczak@stolaf.edu

Kathryn L. Rowberg
Department of Chemistry and Physics
Purdue University - Calumet
rowberg@calumet.purdue.edu

Jennifer Nelson
School of Medicine
University at Buffalo

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Jessie W. Klein
Department of Mathematics and Science
Middlesex Community College
kleinj@middlesex.mass.edu

Kristen L.W. Walton
Department of Biology
Missouri Western State University
kwalton1@missouriwestern.edu

Robin Pals-Rylaarsdam
College of Arts and Sciences
Saint Xavier University
rylaarsdam@sxu.edu

Kelley W. Grorud
Biological Sciences Department
Edgewood College
kgrorud@edgewood.edu

Valerie Nieman
Department of English
North Carolina A&T State University
vgnieman@ncat.edu

Zhi-Jun Liu
Department of Geography
University of North Carolina—Greensboro
z_liu@uncg.edu

Christa Colyer
Department of Chemistry
Wake Forest University
colyercl@wfu.edu

Ann Bisantz
Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering
University at Buffalo
bisantz@buffalo.edu

Amjad Aref
Department of Civil, Structural & Environmental Engineering
University at Buffalo
aaref@buffalo.edu

Alexander Cartwright
Office of the Chancellor
University of Missouri

Michaela A. Gazdik
Biology Department
Ferrum College
mgazdik@ferrum.edu

Patrick R. Field
Department of Biological Sciences
Kean University
pfield@cougar.kean.edu

Pamela Davis


Martha Jane Goleman
Pediatrics
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
jane.goleman@nationwidechildrens.org

Doug M. Post
Family Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
Doug.post@osumc.edu

Michael S. Langan
General Internal Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
Michael.langan@osumc.edu

Allison A. Macerollo
Family Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
Allison.macerollo@osumc.edu

Bruce C. Allen
Physics Department
University at Buffalo

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Doug M. Post
Family Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
Doug.post@osumc.edu

Doug Knutson
Family Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
knutson.1@osu.edu

Matthew S. Kaufman
Department of Biology
Washington University in St. Louis

Margaret A. Carroll
Department of Biology
Framingham State College
mcarroll@framingham.edu

Jeffrey Scott Coker
Department of Biology
Elon University
jcoker@elon.edu

Jimmie D. Agnew
Science Education
Elon University
agnewj@elon.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Arne Tarnvik
Department of Infectious Diseases
Umea University
arne.tarnvik@infdis.umu.se

Charles R. Bomar
Biology Department
University of Wisconsin-Stout
bomarc@uwstout.edu

Lisa Carloye
Biology Department
Elon University
carloye@elon.edu

Andrea C. Wade
Academic Services
Monroe Community College
awade13@monroecc.edu

Lauren E. Yaich
Division of Biological and Health Sciences
University of Pittsburgh at Bradford
yaich@pitt.edu

Joseph Bieron
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry
Canisius College
bieron@canisius.edu

Frank J. Dinan
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry
Canisius College
dinan@canisius.edu

Michael A. Jeannot
Department of Chemistry
St. Cloud State University
mjeannot@stcloudstate.edu

Jennifer Miskowski
Department of Biology
University of Wisconsin-LaCrosse
miskowsk.jenn@uwlax.edu

Anne Galbraith
Department of Biology
University of Wisconsin-La Crosse
galbrait.anne@uwlax.edu

Sarah K. Huber
Department of Fisheries Science
The College of William & Mary
skhuber@wm.edu

Paula P. Lemons
Division of Biological Sciences
University of Georgia
plemons@uga.edu

David L. Evans
Biology Department
Pennsylvania College of Technology
devans@pct.edu

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Jennifer Lundmark
Department of Biological Sciences
California State University Sacramento
lundmark@csus.edu

Gary M. Fortier
Department of Animal Biotechnology and Conservation
Delaware Valley College
gary.fortier@delval.edu

Patricia Schneider
Biological Sciences and Geology
Queensborough Community College / City University of New York
pschneider@qcc.cuny.edu

Nancy A. Schiller
University Libraries / National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
University at Buffalo
schiller@buffalo.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Adam M. Boyd
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
St. Mary’s College of Maryland

Randolph K. Larsen, III
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
St. Mary’s College of Maryland
rklarsen@smcm.edu

Jane Marantz Connor
Psychology Department
Binghamton University
jconnor@binghamton.edu

Doug M. Post
Family Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
Doug.post@osumc.edu

Brahmadeo Dewprashad
Department of Science
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
bdewprashad@bmcc.cuny.edu

Geraldine S. Vaz
Ambulatory Care Department
Jamaica Hospital Medical Center

Janna R. McLean
College of Arts & Sciences
Olivert Nazarene University
jmclean@olivet.edu

Thomas A. Davis
Division of Molecular and Life Sciences
Loras College
tom.davis@loras.edu

Thomas A. Davis
Division of Molecular and Life Sciences
Loras College
tom.davis@loras.edu

John Petersen
Environmental Studies
Oberlin College
john.petersen@oberlin.edu

Nancy London
Environmental Studies Program
Oberlin College

Juanita Constible
Climate and Clean Air Program
Natural Resources Defense Council
jconstible@nrdc.org

Luke Sandro
Science (Biology)
Springboro High School
lsandro@springboro.org

Richard E. Lee, Jr.
Department of Zoology
Miami University
leere@muohio.edu

Eleonora Del Federico
Department of Mathematics and Science
Pratt Institute
edelfede@pratt.edu

Steven T. Diver
Chemistry Department
University at Buffalo
diver@buffalo.edu

Monika I. Konaklieva
Department of Chemistry
American University
mkonak@american.edu

Richard Ludescher
Department of Food Science
Rutgers University
ludescher@aesop.rutgers.edu

William D. Rogers
Department of Biology
Ball State University
wrogers@bsu.edu

Shoshana Tobias
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Scott D. Zimmerman
Department of Biomedical Sciences
Missouri State University
scottzimmerman@missouristate.edu

Mark L. Kuhlmann
Department of Biology
Hartwick College
kuhlmannm@hartwick.edu

Maureen Knabb
Department of Biology
West Chester University of Pennsylvania
mknabb@wcupa.edu

Joan Sharp
Department of Biological Sciences
Simon Fraser University
jsharp@sfu.ca

Norris Armstrong
Biology Department
University of Georgia
narmstro@uga.edu

Monika I. Konaklieva
Department of Chemistry
American University
mkonak@american.edu

William D. Rogers
Department of Biology
Ball State University
wrogers@bsu.edu

Peggy Brickman
Department of Plant Biology
University of Georgia
brickman@uga.edu

Traci E. Morris
Department of Biological Sciences
Binghamton University

Susannah Gal
Department of Biological Sciences
Penn State Harrisburg
sjg5538@psu.edu

Thomas Horvath
Biology Department
SUNY College at Oneonta
horvattg@oneonta.edu

Maureen Knabb
Department of Biology
West Chester University of Pennsylvania
mknabb@wcupa.edu

Timothy M. Lutz
Department of Geology and Astronomy
West Chester University of Pennsylvania
tlutz@wcupa.edu

G. Winfield Fairchild
Department of Biology
West Chester University of Pennsylvania
wfairchild@wcupa.edu

Maureen Knabb
Department of Biology
West Chester University of Pennsylvania
mknabb@wcupa.edu

Timothy M. Lutz
Department of Geology and Astronomy
West Chester University of Pennsylvania
tlutz@wcupa.edu

Nancy A. Rice
Department of Biology
Western Kentucky University
nancy.rice@wku.edu

Nancy A. Rice
Department of Biology
Western Kentucky University
nancy.rice@wku.edu

Bruno Borsari
Biology Department
Winona State University
bborsari@winona.edu

Maureen Knabb
Department of Biology
West Chester University of Pennsylvania
mknabb@wcupa.edu

Kristina Hannam
Department of Biology
SUNY Geneseo
hannam@geneseo.edu

Rodney Hagley
Department of Biology and Marine Biology
University of North Carolina-Wilmington
hagleyr@uncw.edu

Debra L. Stamper
Harvard Medical School
Brigham & Women’s Hospital
dstamper@partners.org

Norris Armstrong
Biology Department
University of Georgia
narmstro@uga.edu

Kristina Hannam
Department of Biology
SUNY Geneseo
hannam@geneseo.edu

Cheryl A. Heinz
Department of Biology
Benedictine University
cheinz@ben.edu

Erin Barley
Department of Biological Sciences
Simon Fraser University
ebarley@sfu.ca

Joan Sharp
Department of Biological Sciences
Simon Fraser University
jsharp@sfu.ca

Jeffrey C. Brunskill
Department of Geography and Geosciences
Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania
jbrunski@bloomu.edu

Christopher A. Badurek
Department of Geography and Planning
Appalachian State University
badurekca@appstate.edu

David W. Kelley
Department of Geography
University of St. Thomas
dwkelley@stthomas.edu

Doug M. Post
Family Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
Doug.post@osumc.edu

Doug Knutson
Family Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
knutson.1@osu.edu

Peggy Brickman
Department of Plant Biology
University of Georgia
brickman@uga.edu

Norris Armstrong
Biology Department
University of Georgia
narmstro@uga.edu

Terry Platt
Department of Biology
University of Rochester
terry.platt@rochester.edu

Peggy Brickman
Department of Plant Biology
University of Georgia
brickman@uga.edu

Alan Paul Price
Department of Geography & Geology
University of Wisconsin—Washington County
paul.price@uwc.edu

Elaine M. Schamber
Agronomy Department
Purdue University

Paul A. Hammond
Horticulture Department
Purdue University

James A. Hewlett
Science and Technology Department
Finger Lakes Community College
hewletja@flcc.edu

Antoinette Miller
Psychology Department
Clayton State University
antoinettemiller@clayton.edu

Terry Platt
Department of Biology
University of Rochester
terry.platt@rochester.edu

Antoinette Miller
Psychology Department
Clayton State University
antoinettemiller@clayton.edu

Peggy Brickman
Department of Plant Biology
University of Georgia
brickman@uga.edu

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Kristina Hannam
Department of Biology
SUNY Geneseo
hannam@geneseo.edu

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Nancy M. Boury
Department of Animal Science
Iowa State University
nan1@iastate.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Cheryl D. Davis
Department of Biology
Western Kentucky University
cheryl.davis@wku.edu

Nancy A. Rice
Department of Biology
Western Kentucky University
nancy.rice@wku.edu

James A. Hewlett
Science and Technology Department
Finger Lakes Community College
hewletja@flcc.edu

James A. Hewlett
Science and Technology Department
Finger Lakes Community College
hewletja@flcc.edu

James A. Hewlett
Science and Technology Department
Finger Lakes Community College
hewletja@flcc.edu

Lori M. Carris
Department of Plant Pathology
Washington State University
carris@wsu.edu

Nancy L. Jacobson
Biology Department
Ithaca College
jacobson@ithaca.edu

Kristina Hannam
Department of Biology
SUNY Geneseo
hannam@geneseo.edu

Bruno Borsari
Biology Department
Winona State University
bborsari@winona.edu

Thomas Horvath
Biology Department
SUNY College at Oneonta
horvattg@oneonta.edu

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Robert H. Grant
Editorial Department
The Scientist
info@the-scientist.com

Erin Barley
Department of Biological Sciences
Simon Fraser University
ebarley@sfu.ca

Joan Sharp
Department of Biological Sciences
Simon Fraser University
jsharp@sfu.ca

Caralyn B. Zehnder
Department of Biological & Environmental Sciences
Georgia College & State University
caralyn.zehnder@gcsu.edu

Cheryl A. Heinz
Department of Biology
Benedictine University
cheinz@ben.edu

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Joan Sharp
Department of Biological Sciences
Simon Fraser University
jsharp@sfu.ca

Courtney E. Quinn
Department of Agricultural Leadership, Education and Communication
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
courtney_quinn@yahoo.com

John E. Quinn
School of Natural Resources
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
jquinn2@unl.edu

Otto Sanchez
Faculty of Health Sciences
University of Ontario Institute of Technology
otto.sanchez@uoit.ca

Wayne Seames
Chemical Engineering
University of North Dakota
wayneseames@mail.und.edu

MeghanMarie Fowler-Finn
Division of Student Transportation
Office of the State Superintendent of Education
meghanmarie.fowler-finn@dc.gov

Kari E. Benson
Biology Department
Lynchburg College
benson@lynchburg.edu

Lisa Marie Rubin
Formulary Management
VA Western New York Healthcare System
Lexpress1982@yahoo.com; Lisa.Rubin@va.gov

Susan B. Chaplin
Department of Biology
University of St. Thomas
sbchaplin@stthomas.edu

LeLeng To Issacs
Biological Sciences
Goucher College
leto@goucher.edu

Brahmadeo Dewprashad
Department of Science
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
bdewprashad@bmcc.cuny.edu

Geraldine S. Vaz
Ambulatory Care Department
Jamaica Hospital Medical Center

Sharon A. Vaz


Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Susan M. DeSimone
Biology Department
Middlebury College
sdesimon@middlebury.edu

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

William Morgan
Department of Biology
The College of Wooster
wmorgan@wooster.edu

Dean Fraga
Department of Biology
The College of Wooster
dfraga@wooster.edu

Bruno Borsari
Biology Department
Winona State University
bborsari@winona.edu

William D. Rogers
Department of Biology
Ball State University
wrogers@bsu.edu

Thomas Horvath
Biology Department
SUNY College at Oneonta
horvattg@oneonta.edu

Jeffri C. Bohlscheid
Food Group Technical Center
J. R. Simplot
jeff.bohlscheid@simplot.com

Frank J. Dinan
Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry
Canisius College
dinan@canisius.edu

Bruno Borsari
Biology Department
Winona State University
bborsari@winona.edu

Debra A. Meuler
Biology Department
Cardinal Stritch University
dameuler@stritch.edu

Peggy Brickman
Department of Plant Biology
University of Georgia
brickman@uga.edu

Kristine N. Hopfensperger
Department of Biological Sciences
Northern Kentucky University
hopfenspek1@nku.edu

David J. Grise

Oso Bay Educational Consulting
dave_grise@yahoo.com

Katayoun Chamany
Natural Sciences & Mathematics
Eugene Lang College/ New School University
chamanyk@newschool.edu

Matthew P. Rowe
Department of Biology
University of Oklahoma
Matthew.Rowe-1@ou.edu

Monica E. Hartmann
Economics Department
University of St. Thomas
mehartmann@stthomas.edu

Robert J. Werner
Geography Department
University of St. Thomas
rjwerner@stthomas.edu

Jennifer Feenstra
Department of Psychology
Northwestern College
jfeenstr@nwciowa.edu

Rosemary H. Ford
Biology Department
Washington College
rford2@washcoll.edu

Ling Chen
Science Department
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
lchen@bmcc.cuny.edu

Richard Hendrix
Science Department
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
rhendrix@bmcc.cuny.edu

Sheri L. Boyce
Department of Biological Sciences
Messiah College
sboyce@messiah.edu

Md Rumi Shammin
Environmental Studies
Oberlin College
rumi.shammin@oberlin.edu

John Petersen
Environmental Studies
Oberlin College
john.petersen@oberlin.edu

Jordan F. Suter
Economics & Environmental Studies
Oberlin College
jordan.suter@oberlin.edu

Ling Chen
Science Department
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
lchen@bmcc.cuny.edu

Diane R. Wang
Biology, Plant Breeding and Genetics
Cornell University
drw44@cornell.edu

Jennifer Y. Anderson
Health Science / Nursing
Brookdale Community College
jyanderson1@mail.brookdalecc.edu

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Kathleen G. Brown
Nursing/Massage Therapy
CUNY Queensborough Community College
kcapogrosso36@tigermail.qcc.cuny.edu

Sharon S. Ellerton
Biological Sciences and Geology
CUNY Queensborough Community College
sellerton@qcc.cuny.edu

Andrea Bixler
Biology Department
Clarke University
andrea.bixler@clarke.edu

Kristen N. Hausmann
Department of Biology
Coastal Carolina University
knwhitin@coastal.edu

Karen M. Aguirre
Department of Biology
Coastal Carolina University
kmaguirr@coastal.edu

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Ling Chen
Science Department
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
lchen@bmcc.cuny.edu

Lalitha S. Jayant
Science Department
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
ljayant@bmcc.cuny.edu

Debby Walser-Kuntz
Department of Biology
Carleton College
dwalser@carleton.edu

Troy R. Nash
Department of Biology
Mercer University
nash_tr@mercer.edu

Nancy A. Rice
Department of Biology
Western Kentucky University
nancy.rice@wku.edu

Joan-Beth Gow
School of Fire and Health Sciences
Anna Maria College
jgow@annamaria.edu

Susan Nava-Whitehead
Sciences and Education Department
Becker College
susan.whitehead@becker.edu

Kerri W. Augusto
Psychology and Mental Health Counseling
Becker College
kerri.augusto@becker.edu

R. Deborah Overath
Department of Life Sciences
Texas A&M University – Corpus Christi
deborah.overath@tamucc.edu

Hannah L. Rusch
Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology
University of Minnesota
rusch051@umn.edu

Jim A. Perry
Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology
University of Minnesota
Jperry@umn.edu

Norris Armstrong
Biology Department
University of Georgia
narmstro@uga.edu

Jianli Zhou
Department of Plant Biology
University of Georgia
zhjianli@uga.edu

Peggy Brickman
Department of Plant Biology
University of Georgia
brickman@uga.edu

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Deborah Engelen-Eigles
Department of Sociology / Women and Gender Studies
Century College
debbie.engelen@century.edu

Steven L. Telleen
Biology Department
San Joaquin Delta College
stelleen@deltacollege.edu

Tamar L. Goulet
Department of Biology
University of Mississippi
tlgoulet@olemiss.edu

Jeffrey A. Steinmetz
Department of Biology
Francis Marion University
jsteinmetz@fmarion.edu

Reed M. Perkins
Department of Environmental Science
Queens University of Charlotte
perkinsr@queens.edu

Darlene A. Mitrano
Molecular Biology
Christopher Newport University
darlene.mitrano@cnu.edu

William D. Rogers
Department of Biology
Ball State University
wrogers@bsu.edu

Susan Bandoni Muench
Biology Department
SUNY Geneseo
bandoni@geneseo.edu

Dustin J. Eno
Life Sciences
Quest University Canada

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Kathrin F. Stanger-Hall
Department of Plant Biology
University of Georgia
ksh@uga.edu

Jennifer Merriam
Biology Department
SUNY Orange
jennifer.merriam@sunyorange.edu

Ruth Ann Greuling
Office of the Provost
Northern New Mexico College

Ann T.S. Taylor
Department of Chemistry
Wabash College
taylora@wabash.edu

Ann T.S. Taylor
Department of Chemistry
Wabash College
taylora@wabash.edu

Keith K. Schillo
Biology Department
SUNY College at Oneonta
schillkk@oneonta.edu

Patrick R. Field
Department of Biological Sciences
Kean University
pfield@cougar.kean.edu

Paula Cobos
School of Natural Sciences / Biological Sciences
Kean University

Cheylena Williams
School of Natural Sciences / Biological Sciences
Kean University

David L. Evans
Biology Department
Pennsylvania College of Technology
devans@pct.edu

Jeffrey J. Byrd
Biology Department
St. Mary’s College of Maryland
jjbyrd@smcm.edu

Samantha L. Elliott
Biology Department
St. Mary’s College of Maryland
slelliott@smcm.edu

Luanna B. Prevost
Department of Plant Biology
University of Georgia
lprevost@plantbio.uga.edu

Paula P. Lemons
Division of Biological Sciences
University of Georgia
plemons@uga.edu

Joann B. Powell
Department of Biological Sciences
Clark Atlanta University
jpowell@cau.edu

Elethia W. Tillman
Department of Biology
Spelman College
etillman@spelman.edu

Lynn Diener
Biology Department
Mount Mary College
dienerl@mtmary.edu

Dianne W. York

Siemens Diagnostic Healthcare
dwyork12@yahoo.com

Jamie G. McMinn
Psychology Department
Westminster College
mcminnjg@westminster.edu

Dana S. Dunn
Psychology Department
Moravian College
dunn@moravian.edu

Keith K. Schillo
Biology Department
SUNY College at Oneonta
schillkk@oneonta.edu

David F. Dean
Department of Biology
Spring Hill College
ddean@shc.edu

Ashley L. Madern
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Michael D. Hood
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Jeffrey C. Paul, Jr.
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

Ronald L. Carnell
Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences
University of Washington Bothell

Rebecca M. Price
Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences
University of Washington Bothell
becca.price@uwb.edu

Jennifer Bolognese
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Misti Coronel
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Anita Intorre
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

Giselle A. McCallum
Life Sciences
Quest University Canada

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Robert W. Grossman


Selena Kim
Psychology Department
Kalamazoo College

Siu-Lu  Tan
Psychology Department
Kalamazoo College

Thomas E. Ford
Psychology Department
Western Carolina University
tford@email.wcu.edu

Miriam Segura-Totten
Department of Biology
University of North Georgia
mstotten@ung.edu

Robert W. Grossman


Richard Cowlishaw
Biology Department
Southwestern College
Richard.Cowlishaw@sckans.edu

Charles Hunter
Biology Department
Southwestern College
Charles.Hunter@sckans.edu

Jason Coy
History Department
College of Charleston
coyj@cofc.edu

Michael Tessmer
Chemistry Department
Southwestern College
mtessmer@sckans.edu

Leslie G. Wooten
Biology Department
Tallahassee Community College
wootenl@tcc.fl.edu

Leslie G. Wooten
Biology Department
Tallahassee Community College
wootenl@tcc.fl.edu

Christopher Rump
Department of Applied Statistics and Operations Research
Bowling Green State University
cmrump@bgsu.edu

Yelena Aronova-Tiuntseva
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Christopher Rump
Department of Applied Statistics and Operations Research
Bowling Green State University
cmrump@bgsu.edu

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Carmen A. Petrick
Life Sciences
Quest University Canada
cap08@questu.ca

Leslie G. Wooten
Biology Department
Tallahassee Community College
wootenl@tcc.fl.edu

Jeffrey J. Byrd
Biology Department
St. Mary’s College of Maryland
jjbyrd@smcm.edu

Samantha L. Elliott
Biology Department
St. Mary’s College of Maryland
slelliott@smcm.edu

Jeffrey J. Byrd
Biology Department
St. Mary’s College of Maryland
jjbyrd@smcm.edu

Samantha L. Elliott
Biology Department
St. Mary’s College of Maryland
slelliott@smcm.edu

Tonya Laakko Train
Biology Department
Elon University
ttrain@elon.edu

Robin Pals-Rylaarsdam
College of Arts and Sciences
Saint Xavier University
rylaarsdam@sxu.edu

Jeffri C. Bohlscheid
Food Group Technical Center
J. R. Simplot
jeff.bohlscheid@simplot.com

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Rosalind H. Groenewoud
Life Sciences
Quest University Canada

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Rosalind H. Groenewoud
Life Sciences
Quest University Canada

Terry Platt
Department of Biology
University of Rochester
terry.platt@rochester.edu

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Anthony J. Creaco
Department of Science
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
acreaco@bmcc.cuny.edu

Owen A. Meyers
Department of Science
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
omeyers@bmcc.cuny.edu

David A. Krauss
Department of Science
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
dkrauss@bmcc.cuny.edu

Joyce A. Shaw
School of Arts and Sciences
Endicott College
jshaw@endicott.edu

Kevin M. Bonney
Liberal Studies, Faculty of Arts and Sciences
New York University
kevin.bonney@nyu.edu

John C. Withey
Biological Sciences
The Evergreen State College
witheyj@evergreen.edu

Christina M. Kennedy
Development by Design Program
The Nature Conservancy
ckennedy@tnc.org

Robert Leaf
Gulf Coast Research Laboratory
The University of Southern Mississippi
Robert.Leaf@usm.edu

Brian R. Murphy
Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Virginia Tech
murphybr@vt.edu

Kevin Pyatt
College of Computer & Information Sciences
Regis University
kpyatt@regis.edu

Jacqueline Coomes
Department of Mathematics
Eastern Washington University
jcoomes@ewu.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Paula P. Lemons
Division of Biological Sciences
University of Georgia
plemons@uga.edu

Edwin H. Price
Department of Physical and Life Sciences
Nevada State College
Edwin.price@nsc.nevada.edu

Kyla Flanagan
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Calgary
kmflanag@ucalgary.ca

Lynn Diener
Biology Department
Mount Mary College
dienerl@mtmary.edu

Sarah A. Wojiski
Genomic Education
The Jackson Laboratory for Genomic Medicine
sarah.wojiski@jax.org

Brian Rybarczyk
Graduate School
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
brybar@unc.edu

Robin Pals-Rylaarsdam
College of Arts and Sciences
Saint Xavier University
rylaarsdam@sxu.edu

Monica L. Tischler
Department of Biological Science
Bendectine University
mtischler@ben.edu

J. Phil Gibson
Department of Biology and Department of Microbiology & Plant Biology
University of Oklahoma
jpgibson@ou.edu

Joyce A. Shaw
School of Arts and Sciences
Endicott College
jshaw@endicott.edu

Dylan P. Macuk
Department of Biology
Bradley University

William J. Moser, Jr.
Department of Biology
Bradley University

Kaleigh A. Tockes
Department of Biology
Bradley University

Keith A. Johnson
Department of Biology
Bradley University
kajohnso@bradley.edu

Nancy M. Boury
Department of Animal Science
Iowa State University
nan1@iastate.edu

Nancy M. Boury
Department of Animal Science
Iowa State University
nan1@iastate.edu

Loren B. Byrne
Department of Biology, Marine Biology, and Environmental Science
Roger Williams University
lbyrne@rwu.edu

Allison Black
Life Sciences
Quest University Canada

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Maureen Leonard
Sciences Department
Mount Mary University
leonardm@mtmary.edu

Jack F. Eichler
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside
jack.eichler@ucr.edu

Betty Jo Chitester
Chemistry Department
Gannon University
chitester@gannon.edu

Weslene T. Tallmadge
Chemistry Department
Gannon University
tallmadge@gannon.edu

Karen M. Aguirre
Department of Biology
Coastal Carolina University
kmaguirr@coastal.edu

Peggy Brickman
Department of Plant Biology
University of Georgia
brickman@uga.edu

Michèle I. Shuster
Department of Biology
New Mexico State University
mshuster@nmsu.edu

Naowarat (Ann) Cheeptham
Department of Biological Sciences
Thompson Rivers University
ncheeptham@tru.ca

Laura B. Regassa
Department of Biology
Georgia Southern University
lregassa@georgiasouthern.edu

Laura B. Regassa
Department of Biology
Georgia Southern University
lregassa@georgiasouthern.edu

Naowarat (Ann) Cheeptham
Department of Biological Sciences
Thompson Rivers University
ncheeptham@tru.ca

Michèle I. Shuster
Department of Biology
New Mexico State University
mshuster@nmsu.edu

Naowarat (Ann) Cheeptham
Department of Biological Sciences
Thompson Rivers University
ncheeptham@tru.ca

Laura B. Regassa
Department of Biology
Georgia Southern University
lregassa@georgiasouthern.edu

Michèle I. Shuster
Department of Biology
New Mexico State University
mshuster@nmsu.edu

David L. Boose
Biology Department
Gonzaga University
boose@gonzaga.edu

Kyla Flanagan
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Calgary
kmflanag@ucalgary.ca

Jalene M. LaMontagne
Department of Biological Science
DePaul University
jlamont1@depaul.edu

Anastasia P. Maines
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
University of Colorado at Boulder
anastasia.maines@colorado.edu

Janet A. De Souza-Hart
School of Arts & Sciences
MCPHS University
janet.hart@mcphs.edu

Janet A. De Souza-Hart
School of Arts & Sciences
MCPHS University
janet.hart@mcphs.edu

Kevin M. Bonney
Liberal Studies, Faculty of Arts and Sciences
New York University
kevin.bonney@nyu.edu

Maureen Knabb
Department of Biology
West Chester University of Pennsylvania
mknabb@wcupa.edu

Kuei-Chiu Chen
Senior Lecturer, Premedical Program
Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar
kuc2005@qatar-med.cornell.edu

Debra A. Meuler
Biology Department
Cardinal Stritch University
dameuler@stritch.edu

Robyn R. Oster
National Student Exchange Program
University of Maine at Presque Isle

Bonnie S. Wood
Department of Math and Science
University of Maine at Presque Isle
bonnie.s.wood@umpi.edu

Justin F. Shaffer
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering
Colorado School of Mines
jshaffer@mines.edu

Nancy M. Boury
Department of Animal Science
Iowa State University
nan1@iastate.edu

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

Stephanie L. Luster-Teasley
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
North Carolina A&T State University
luster@ncat.edu

Rebecca L. Ives
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife
Michigan State University
ivesrebe@msu.edu

Patrick R. Field
Department of Biological Sciences
Kean University
pfield@cougar.kean.edu

Gabrielle Gangemi
Department of Biological Sciences
Kean University

Taylor Kinsley
Department of Biological Sciences
Kean University

Ryan Doyle
Department of Biology
Villanova College

Matthew Heslin
Department of Biology
Villanova College

Michael Keller
Department of Biology
Villanova College

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

Jennifer E. Schaefer
Department of Biology
College of Saint Benedict / Saint. John’s University
jschaefer@csbsju.edu

Parks Collins
Natural Science
Mitchell Community College
pcollins@mitchellcc.edu

Mary Walczak
Chemistry Department
St. Olaf College
walczak@stolaf.edu

Juliette Lantz
Chemistry Department
Drew University
jlantz@drew.edu

Geffrey F. Stopper
Department of Biology
Sacred Heart University
stopperg@sacredheart.edu

Andrew G. Lazowski
Department of Mathematics
Sacred Heart University
lazowskia@sacredheart.edu

Maureen Knabb
Department of Biology
West Chester University of Pennsylvania
mknabb@wcupa.edu

Courtney E. Meyet
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside
cmeye002@ucr.edu

Richard J. Hooley
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside
richard.hooley@ucr.edu

Andrew E. Lyman-Buttler

Thomas Edison High School
LB@mpls.k12.mn.us

John T. Ripple
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Stephen E. Marcaccio
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Daniel R. Sherman
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

Dorothy P. Debbie
Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine
dpd22@cornell.edu

Kristy J. Wilson
School of Mathematics and Sciences
Marian University
kjwilson@marian.edu

Kristy J. Wilson
School of Mathematics and Sciences
Marian University
kjwilson@marian.edu

Tonya Laakko Train
Biology Department
Elon University
ttrain@elon.edu

Constance M. Soja
Department of Geology
Colgate University
csoja@colgate.edu

Deborah Huerta
Cooley Science Library
Colgate University

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Andrew C. Lydeard
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University

Susan D. Hester
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology
University of Arizona
sdhester@email.arizona.edu

Joshua D. Hartman
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside

Kelly Theel
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside

Jack F. Eichler
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside
jack.eichler@ucr.edu

Giovanni Casotti
Department of Biology
West Chester University
gcasotti@wcupa.edu

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Morgan Gray
Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management
University of California, Berkeley
morgan.gray@berkeley.edu

Mario K. Klip
Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management
University of California, Berkeley

Alex R. Krohn
Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management
University of California, Berkeley

Ryan A. Marsh
Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management
University of California, Berkeley

Leslie A. McGinnis
Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management
University of California, Berkeley

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Wayne O. Hatch
Department of Biology
Utah State University Eastern
wayne.hatch@usu.edu

Dan Hua
Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Virginia Tech
huad@vt.edu

Brian R. Murphy
Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Virginia Tech
murphybr@vt.edu

Michelle D. Klopfer
Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Virginia Tech
mklopfer@vt.edu

Ann T.S. Taylor
Department of Chemistry
Wabash College
taylora@wabash.edu

William H. Cliff
Department of Biology
Niagara University
bcliff@niagara.edu

Ann T.S. Taylor
Department of Chemistry
Wabash College
taylora@wabash.edu

William H. Cliff
Department of Biology
Niagara University
bcliff@niagara.edu

Cassy L. Cozine
Department of Biology
Coe College
ccozine@coe.edu

Emily C. Gripka
Department of Natural Sciences & Mathematics
University of St. Mary

Jennifer Feenstra
Department of Psychology
Northwestern College
jfeenstr@nwciowa.edu

Jennifer M. Dechaine
Department of Biological Sciences / Department of Science Education
Central Washington University
dechaine@cwu.edu

James E. Johnson
Department of Biological Sciences
Central Washington University
jjohnson@cwu.edu

Conrad Toepfer
Division of Mathematics & Natural Sciences
Brescia University
conrad.toepfer@brescia.edu

Carly N. Jordan
Department of Biological Sciences
The George Washington University
cnjordan@gwu.edu

Elizabeth A. Flaherty
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources
Purdue University
eflaher@purdue.edu

Jonathan F. Prather
Department of Zoology and Physiology
University of Wyoming
Jonathan.Prather@uwyo.edu

Catherine Dana Santanello
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
csantan@siue.edu

Scott J. Bergman
Department of Pharmacy Practice
Southern Illinois University
scbergm@siue.edu

Kevin M. Bonney
Liberal Studies, Faculty of Arts and Sciences
New York University
kevin.bonney@nyu.edu

Alisa J. Petree
Medical Laboratory Technician Program
McLennan Community College
apetree@mclennan.edu

Sondra A. Dubowsky
Biology Department
McLennan Community College
sdubowsky@mclennan.edu

Mary A. Sides
Biology Department
McLennan Community College
msides@mclennan.edu

Bruce C. Palmquist
Department of Physics / Department of Science Education
Central Washington University
palmquis@cwu.edu

Justin F. Shaffer
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering
Colorado School of Mines
jshaffer@mines.edu

Lynn B. DeSanto
Department of Science
Lackawanna College
desantol@lackawanna.edu

Miranda D. Redmond
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
University of Colorado
MirandaRedmond@gmail.com

Nichole N. Barger
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
University of Colorado
nichole.barger@colorado.edu

Harry M. Zollars
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
hmzollars@gmail.com

Catherine Dana Santanello
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
csantan@siue.edu

Marcelo J. Nieto
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
mnieto@siue.edu

Merle K. Heidemann
College of Natural Science, Emeritus
Michigan State University
heidema2@msu.edu

Peter J.T. White
Lyman Briggs College
Michigan State University
pwhite@msu.edu

James J. Smith
Lyman Briggs College
Michigan State University
jimsmith@msu.edu

Giovanni Casotti
Department of Biology
West Chester University
gcasotti@wcupa.edu

Ann T. Massey
Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing
Emory University
ann.massey@emory.edu

Frank Miskevich
Biology Department
University of Michigan-Flint
frankmis@umflint.edu

J. Phil Gibson
Department of Biology and Department of Microbiology & Plant Biology
University of Oklahoma
jpgibson@ou.edu

Helen S. Joyner
School of Food Science
University of Idaho
hjoyner@uidaho.edu

Richard C. Stewart
Department of Cell Biology & Molecular Genetics
University of Maryland
alec@umd.edu

Daniel C. Stein
Department of Cell Biology & Molecular Genetics
University of Maryland
dcstein@umd.edu

Kevin S. McIver
Department of Cell Biology & Molecular Genetics
University of Maryland
kmciver@umd.edu

John Buchner
Department of Cell Biology & Molecular Genetics
University of Maryland
jbuchner@umd.edu

Ann C. Smith
Office of Undergraduate Studies
University of Maryland
asmith@umd.edu

Joshua D. Hartman
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside

Jack F. Eichler
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside
jack.eichler@ucr.edu

Joshua D. Hartman
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside

Jack F. Eichler
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside
jack.eichler@ucr.edu

Helen S. Joyner
School of Food Science
University of Idaho
hjoyner@uidaho.edu

Merle K. Heidemann
College of Natural Science, Emeritus
Michigan State University
heidema2@msu.edu

Peter J.T. White
Lyman Briggs College
Michigan State University
pwhite@msu.edu

James J. Smith
Lyman Briggs College
Michigan State University
jimsmith@msu.edu

Antoinette Miller
Psychology Department
Clayton State University
antoinettemiller@clayton.edu

Joshua D. Hartman
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside

Jack F. Eichler
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside
jack.eichler@ucr.edu

Narcisa G. Pricope
Geography and Geology
University of North Carolina at Wilmington
pricopen@uncw.edu

Andrea E. Gaughan
Geography and Geosciences
University of Louisville
ae.gaughan@louisville.edu

Susan C. Caplow
Carolina Population Center
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
scaplow@email.unc.edu

Kelly M. Cobourn
Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation
Virginia Tech
kellyc13@vt.edu

Edward R. Landa
Department of Environmental Science and Technology
University of Maryland, College Park
erlanda@umd.edu

Gail E. Wagner
Department of Anthropology and Associated Faculty, Environment and Sustainability Program
University of South Carolina, Columbia
gail.wagner@sc.edu

Margaret M. Larrousse
Department of Natural Science
Mount St. Mary College
margaret.larrousse@msmc.edu

Joni Seaton James Charles
Department of Finance and Economics
Texas State University
jc18@txstate.edu

Michael C. Young
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside
myoun010@ucr.edu@ucr.edu

Richard J. Hooley
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside
richard.hooley@ucr.edu

Brahmadeo Dewprashad
Department of Science
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
bdewprashad@bmcc.cuny.edu

Kim R. Finer
Department of Biological Sciences
Kent State University at Stark
kfiner@kent.edu

Heather K.L. Harden
Life Sciences
Quest University Canada

Michael L. Foley
Life Sciences
Quest University Canada

Rachel A. Poon
Life Sciences
Quest University Canada

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Eric J. Herrera
Department of Chemistry
California State University, Sacramento

Andrew T. Johnson
Department of Psychology and Sociology
Park University
ajohnson@park.edu

Amanda R. Laurenceau
Department of Psychology and Sociology
Park University

Nickolas E. Millas
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Nathalie Musey
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Emily Duwan
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

Helen S. Joyner
School of Food Science
University of Idaho
hjoyner@uidaho.edu

Christopher J. Cheng
Department of Food, Bioprocessing and Nutrition Sciences
North Carolina State University

Clinton Stevenson
Department of Food, Bioprocessing and Nutrition Sciences
North Carolina State University
cdsteve3@ncsu.edu

Karobi Moitra
Department of Biology
Trinity Washington University
MoitraK@trinitydc.edu

William J. Hoese
Biological Sciences
California State University Fullerton
bhoese@fullerton.edu

Judith R. Gibber
Biological Sciences
Columbia University
jrg43@columbia.edu

Bonnie S. Wood
Department of Math and Science
University of Maine at Presque Isle
bonnie.s.wood@umpi.edu

Jorge A. Santiago-Blay
Department of Paleobiology
National Museum of Natural History / Smithsonian Institution
blayj@si.edu

Rachael A. Lancor
Department of Chemistry, Geoscience, & Physics
Edgewood College
rlancor@edgewood.edu

William Yee
College of Arts and Science
New York University

Kevin M. Bonney
Liberal Studies, Faculty of Arts and Sciences
New York University
kevin.bonney@nyu.edu

Kyla Flanagan
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Calgary
kmflanag@ucalgary.ca

Janet A. De Souza-Hart
School of Arts & Sciences
MCPHS University
janet.hart@mcphs.edu

Dawn R. Tanner
Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology
University of Minnesota
tann0042@umn.edu

Jim A. Perry
Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology
University of Minnesota
Jperry@umn.edu

Andrea Nicholas
Department of Neurobiology and Behavior
University of California, Irvine
acnichol@uci.edu

Isabella Villano

San Joaquin High School

Briana M. Peele
Science Department
Tri-County Technical College
klocbm@g.cofc.edu

John S. Peters
Department of Biology
College of Charleston
petersj@cofc.edu

Mary Ann L. McLean
Natural and Mathematical Sciences
St. Mary’s University
maryann.mclean@stmu.ca

Gary T. Grothman
Natural and Mathematical Sciences
St. Mary’s University
gary.grothman@stmu.ca

Thomas T. Yates
Soil Science
University of Saskatchewan
tom.yates@usask.ca

Tracie M. Addy
Center for the Integration of Teaching, Learning and Scholarship
Lafayette College
addyt@lafayette.edu

David S. Kiefer
Department of Family Medicine
University of Wisconsin-Rock County
david.kiefer@fammed.wisc.edu

Katharine C.  Kelsey
Department of Biology
University of Alaska Anchorage
kathyckelsey@gmail.com

Emily M. Nullet
School of Nursing
Quinnipiac University
emily.nullet@quinnipiac.edu

Marissa L. Hayes
School of Nursing
Quinnipiac University

Rebecca M. Cordani
School of Nursing
Quinnipiac University

Jessalyn A. Myers
School of Nursing
Quinnipiac University

Carol R. Connery
School of Nursing
Quinnipiac University
carol.connery@quinnipiac.edu

Karobi Moitra
Department of Biology
Trinity Washington University
MoitraK@trinitydc.edu

Sandra L. Cooke
Department of Biology
High Point University
scooke@highpoint.edu

Alicia C. Lloyd
Environmental Resources and Policy
Southern Illinois University
alicia.c.lloyd@gmail.com

Adelle D. Monteblanco
Department of Sociology
University of Colorado
adelle.monteblanco@colorado.edu

Silvia Secchi
Department of Geography and Environmental Resources
Southern Illinois University
ssecchi@siu.edu

Matthew P. Rowe
Department of Biology
University of Oklahoma
Matthew.Rowe-1@ou.edu

Troy R. Nash
Department of Biology
Mercer University
nash_tr@mercer.edu

Stephanie L. Luster-Teasley
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
North Carolina A&T State University
luster@ncat.edu

Janie G. Locklear
Department of Civil Engineering
North Carolina A&T State University

Niva S. King
Department of Civil Engineering
North Carolina A&T State University

J. Phil Gibson
Department of Biology and Department of Microbiology & Plant Biology
University of Oklahoma
jpgibson@ou.edu

Tracie Y. Hudson
Department of Biology
Malcolm X College
thudson@ccc.edu

Suzanne M.  Deschênes
Department of Biology
Sacred Heart University
descheness@sacredheart.edu

Rosemary M. Danaher
Department of Mathematics
Sacred Heart University
danaherr@sacredheart.edu

Hema Gopalakrishnan
Department of Mathematics
Sacred Heart University
gopalakrishnanh@sacredheart.edu

Helen S. Joyner
School of Food Science
University of Idaho
hjoyner@uidaho.edu

Kevin M. Bonney
Liberal Studies, Faculty of Arts and Sciences
New York University
kevin.bonney@nyu.edu

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Carly N. Jordan
Department of Biological Sciences
The George Washington University
cnjordan@gwu.edu

Glenna M. Malcolm
Department of Biology
Pennsylvania State University
gmm193@psu.edu

Bruce C. Palmquist
Department of Physics / Department of Science Education
Central Washington University
palmquis@cwu.edu

Joan Sharp
Department of Biological Sciences
Simon Fraser University
jsharp@sfu.ca

James A. Carr
Department of Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University
james.carr@ttu.edu

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Joshua D. Hartman
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside

Jack F. Eichler
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside
jack.eichler@ucr.edu

Fred B. Schnee
Department of Biology
Loras College
fred.schnee@loras.edu

Andrea Bixler
Biology Department
Clarke University
andrea.bixler@clarke.edu

Beth A. Carle
Mechanical, Manufacturing, and Electromechanical Engineering Technology
Rochester Institute of Technology
carle@mail.rit.edu

Sarah R. Sletten
Department of Biomedical Sciences
UND School of Medicine and Health Sciences
sarah.sletten@und.edu

Daniel R. Albert
Department of Chemistry
University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point
dalbert@uwsp.edu

Helen S. Joyner
School of Food Science
University of Idaho
hjoyner@uidaho.edu

Michael L. Allen
Department of Physics and Astronomy
Washington State University
mlfa@wsu.edu

Eric Ribbens
Department of Biological Sciences
Western Illinois University
E-Ribbens@wiu.edu

Celeste A. Leander
Department of Biology & Zoology
The University of British Columbia
cleander@interchange.ubc.ca

Helen S. Joyner
School of Food Science
University of Idaho
hjoyner@uidaho.edu

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Nicole F. Magill
Life Sciences
Quest University Canada

Tatiana N. Bliss
Life Sciences
Quest University Canada

Fleur M. Ferro
Department of Biology
Community College of Denver
fleur.ferro@ccd.edu

Jamie S. Hughes
Department of Psychology
University of Texas of the Permian Basin
hughes_j@utpb.edu

Helen S. Joyner
School of Food Science
University of Idaho
hjoyner@uidaho.edu

Kristine A. Garner
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Arkansas at Fort Smith
kristie.garner@uafs.edu

Brandy C. Ree
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Arkansas at Fort Smith
brandy.ree@uafs.edu

Katayoun Chamany
Natural Sciences & Mathematics
Eugene Lang College/ New School University
chamanyk@newschool.edu

Gabriel D. McNett
Department of Biology and Environmental Science
Westminster College
gabe.mcnett@westminster-mo.edu

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Helen S. Joyner
School of Food Science
University of Idaho
hjoyner@uidaho.edu

Breanna N. Harris
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University
breanna.n.harris@ttu.edu

Reinaldo Perez
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Florida International University

Andres Arango
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Florida International University

Kathleen S. Rein
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Florida International University
reink@fiu.edu

Karen S. Huffman
Math and Science Department
Genesee Community College
kshuffmankelly@genesee.edu

Sarah A. Wojiski
Genomic Education
The Jackson Laboratory for Genomic Medicine
sarah.wojiski@jax.org

Marlee B. Marsh
Department of Biology
Columbia College
mmarsh@columbiasc.edu

Derek Dube
Department of Biology
University of Saint Joseph
ddube@usj.edu

Linda M. Iadarola
Department of Biological Sciences
Quinnipiac University
Linda.Chicoine@quinnipiac.edu

Tracie M. Addy
Center for the Integration of Teaching, Learning and Scholarship
Lafayette College
addyt@lafayette.edu

Tracie M. Addy
Center for the Integration of Teaching, Learning and Scholarship
Lafayette College
addyt@lafayette.edu

Linda M. Iadarola
Department of Biological Sciences
Quinnipiac University
Linda.Chicoine@quinnipiac.edu

Derek Dube
Department of Biology
University of Saint Joseph
ddube@usj.edu

Vandana A. Gudi
Department of Science
Robert Morgan Educational Center
MrsGudi@DadeSchools.net

Kathleen S. Rein
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Florida International University
reink@fiu.edu

Jeneissy Comas
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Florida International University
jcoma001@fiu.edu

Karin Grimnes


Nicole M. Anthony
Biological Sciences
Toronto District School Board
nicole.anthony@tdsb.on.ca

Cathy Silver Key
Department of Biology
North Carolina Central University
ckey@nccu.edu

Parks Collins
Natural Science
Mitchell Community College
pcollins@mitchellcc.edu

Elizabeth J. Meinz
Department of Psychology
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
emeinz@siue.edu

Richard T. Brundage
Department of Physics, Astronomy, and Engineering
St. Cloud State University

Ann Bisantz
Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering
University at Buffalo
bisantz@buffalo.edu

Kylee Grenis

Tri-County Health Department
kgrenis@gmail.com

Laurel C. Cepero
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Denver
laurel.cepero@du.edu

Mayra C. Vidal
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Denver
mayra.vidal@du.edu

Ashley E. Rhodes
Division of Biology
Kansas State University
aek6613@ksu.edu

Adam J. Kleinshmit
Department of Biology and Earth Sciences
Adams State University
akleinschmit@adams.edu

Merle K. Heidemann
College of Natural Science, Emeritus
Michigan State University
heidema2@msu.edu

Peter J.T. White
Lyman Briggs College
Michigan State University
pwhite@msu.edu

James J. Smith
Lyman Briggs College
Michigan State University
jimsmith@msu.edu

Scott Turner
Department of Behavioral & Social Sciences
University of Montevallo
turners@montevallo.edu

Pamela Kalas
Departments of Zoology and Botany
The University of British Columbia
kalas@zoology.ubc.ca

Marcia Harrison-Pitaniello
Department of Biological Sciences
Marshall University
harrison@marshall.edu

Jessica L. Shiltz
Department of Epidemiology
West Virgina University

Robert E. Hughes
Department of Mathematics
Marshall University

Roger L. Estep
Department of Mathematics
Marshall University

Anna B. Mummert
Department of Mathematics
Marshall University
mummerta@marshall.edu

Cheryld L. Emmons
Division of Biology
Alfred University
emmonsc@alfred.edu

Breanna N. Harris
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University
breanna.n.harris@ttu.edu

E. Dale Broder
Department of Biology
Colorado State University
EDaleBroder@gmail.com

Corey A. Handelsman
Department of Biology
Colorado State University
CHandelsman@gmail.com

Cameron K. Ghalambor
Department of Biology
Colorado State University
Cameron1@colostate.edu

Lisa M. Angeloni
Department of Biology
Colorado State University
Angeloni@colostate.edu

Elizabeth A. Flaherty
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources
Purdue University
eflaher@purdue.edu

Carolyn A. Eckrich
Department of Zoology and Physiology
University of Wyoming
ceckrich@uwyo.edu

Merav Ben-David
Department of Zoology and Physiology
University of Wyoming
bendavid@uwyo.edu

Justin A. Pruneski
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Heidelberg University
jprunesk@heidelberg.edu

Lalitha S. Jayant
Science Department
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
ljayant@bmcc.cuny.edu

Christine Priano
Science Department
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
cpriano@bmcc.cuny.edu

Sarah N. Salm
Science Department
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
ssalm@bmcc.cuny.edu

Lauren N. Goodwyn
Science Department
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
lgoodwyn@bmcc.cuny.edu

Kathryn M. Burleson
Department of Biology
Hamline University
kburleson01@hamline.edu

Melissa Riley


Dongfang Wang
Department of Biology
Spelman College
dwang@spelman.edu

Glenna M. Malcolm
Department of Biology
Pennsylvania State University
gmm193@psu.edu

Yolanda H. Chen
Department of Plant and Soil Science
The University of Vermont
yolanda.chen@uvm.edu

Ann T.S. Taylor
Department of Chemistry
Wabash College
taylora@wabash.edu

Andrew M. Petzold
Center for Learning Innovation
University of Minnesota Rochester
petzo002@umn.edu

Jennifer Wollschlager
Center for Learning Innovation
University of Minnesota Rochester
jwollsch@umn.edu

Robert L. Dunbar
Center for Learning Innovation
University of Minnesota Rochester
dunb0011@r.umn.edu

Kristen H. Short
Department of Biology
Manchester University
khshort@manchester.edu

Akasha M. Faist
Department of Animal and Range Sciences
New Mexico State University
afaist@nmsu.edu

Jaclyn E. McLean
Natural and Social Sciences
Bowling Green State University, Firelands College
jmclean@bgsu.edu

Ram S. Veerapaneni
Natural and Social Sciences
Bowling Green State University, Firelands College
ramv@bgsu.edu

Jun Liang
Science Department
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
Jliang@bmcc.cuny.edu

William J. Rice
Simons Electron Microscopy Center
New York Structural Biology Center
rice@nysbc.org

Susan E. Gass
Environmental Science Program
Dalhousie University
susan.gass@dal.ca

Laurie S. Eberhardt
Department of Biology
Valparaiso University
laurie.eberhardt@valpo.edu

Helen S. Joyner
School of Food Science
University of Idaho
hjoyner@uidaho.edu

Breanna N. Harris
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University
breanna.n.harris@ttu.edu

Karobi Moitra
Department of Biology
Trinity Washington University
MoitraK@trinitydc.edu

Lior M. Burko
School of Science and Technology
Georgia Gwinnett College
lburko@ggc.edu

Claudia Stein
Department of Biology and Tyson Research Center
Washington University in St. Louis
cstein@wustl.edu

Eleanor A. Pardini
Environmental Studies
Washington University in St. Louis
epardini@wustl.edu

Kendra S. Mell
University Medical Center
Texas Tech University
Kendra.mell@ttu.edu

Breanna N. Harris
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University
breanna.n.harris@ttu.edu

Elizabeth A. Flaherty
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources
Purdue University
eflaher@purdue.edu

Carolyn A. Eckrich
Department of Zoology and Physiology
University of Wyoming
ceckrich@uwyo.edu

Merav Ben-David
Department of Zoology and Physiology
University of Wyoming
bendavid@uwyo.edu

Christine R. Dahlin
Department of Biology
University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown
cdahlin@pitt.edu

Alyssa M. Gleichsner
Biological Sciences
State University of New York College at Plattsburgh
aglei002@plattsburgh.edu

Elizabeth A. Flaherty
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources
Purdue University
eflaher@purdue.edu

Patrick R. Field
Department of Biological Sciences
Kean University
pfield@cougar.kean.edu

Kelsey L. Logan
Department of Biological Sciences
Kean University

Charlie W. Zhao
School of Medicine
Yale University
Weige.zhao@yale.edu

Jasper C.H. Wong

Western University

Tom L. Haffie
Department of Biology
Western University
thaffie@uwo.ca

Rebecca K. Wilson
Department of Science
Farmington High School
rebecca.ks.wilson@gmail.com

Thomas A. Davis
Division of Molecular and Life Sciences
Loras College
tom.davis@loras.edu

Andrea Bixler
Biology Department
Clarke University
andrea.bixler@clarke.edu

Breanna N. Harris
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University
breanna.n.harris@ttu.edu

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

Amanda J. Chunco
Department of Environmental Studies
Elon University
achunco@elon.edu

Jennifer K. Uno
Department of Biology
Elon University
juno@elon.edu

Ryan T. Neumann
Kinesiology & Sports Management
Texas Tech University

Collin J. Quinn
Kinesiology & Sports Management
Texas Tech University

Brittany A. Whitaker
Pre-Professional Health
Texas Tech University

Sean T. Woyton
Kinesiology & Sports Management
Texas Tech University

Breanna N. Harris
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University
breanna.n.harris@ttu.edu

Jessica L. Allen
Department of Science and Biotechnology
Berkeley City College
jlallen17@gmail.com

Crystal E. Nyitray

California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences
Crystal.Nyitray@qb3.org

Tejal A. Desai
Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences
University of California San Francisco
tejal.desai@ucsf.edu

Miquella G. Chavez
Research Triangle MRSEC
Duke University
Miquella.Chavez@duke.edu

Nadia Sellami
Undergraduate Research Center - Sciences
University of California Los Angeles
nsellami@college.ucla.edu

Julie A. Morris
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Denver
julie.a.morris@du.edu

Sheela Vemu
Department of Mathematics and Sciences
Waubonsee Community College
svemu@waubonsee.edu

Linda C. Fuselier
Department of Biology
University of Louisville
linda.fuselier@louisville.edu

Natalie G. Farny
Department of Biology and Biotechnology
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
nfarny@wpi.edu

Qinxia Li
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science
Fisk University
qli@fisk.edu

Xinyao Yang
Department of Mathematical Sciences
Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University

Howsikan Kugathasan
Department of Mathematics
Fisk University

Helen S. Joyner
School of Food Science
University of Idaho
hjoyner@uidaho.edu

Chaya Gopalan
Departments of Nursing and Applied Health
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
cgopala@siue.edu

William B. Kist
Department of Basic Sciences
St. Louis College of Pharmacy
william.kist.wk@gmail.com

Brynn F. Welch
Department of Philosophy
University of Alabama at Birmingham
bwelch@uab.edu

Christine M. Fleet
Biology Department
Emory & Henry College
cfleet@ehc.edu

Milton T. Drott
School of Integrative Plant Science, Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology Section
Cornell University
mtd66@cornell.edu

Mark A. Sarvary
Investigative Biology Teaching Laboratories
Cornell University
mas245@cornell.edu

Manisha Nigam
Department of Chemistry
University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown
nigam@pitt.edu

Michèle I. Shuster
Department of Biology
New Mexico State University
mshuster@nmsu.edu

Helen S. Joyner
School of Food Science
University of Idaho
hjoyner@uidaho.edu

Brennan Smith
School of Food Science
University of Idaho
brennans@uidaho.edu

Maria-Elena Conin
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Lea C. George
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Joshua D. Kumin
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

Megan M. Emge
Human Development and Family Studies
Texas Tech University

Zenobia N. Okwunwanne
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University

Raphinos Uragu
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University

Johnna L. Yowell
Nursing
Texas Tech University

Breanna N. Harris
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University
breanna.n.harris@ttu.edu

Jane P. Sheldon
Department of Behavioral Sciences
University of Michigan—Dearborn
jsheldon@umich.edu

Susana M. Peciña
Department of Behavioral Sciences
University of Michigan—Dearborn
pesu@umich.edu

Teresa C. Weglarz
Biological Sciences
University of Wisconsin—Fox Valley
teresa.weglarz@uwc.edu

Gary H.  Laverty
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Delaware
laverty@udel.edu

Angela K. Hartsock
Department of Biology
University of Akron, Wayne College
ahartsock1@uakron.edu

Nienke E. van Houten
Faculty of Health Sciences
Simon Fraser University
nvanhout@sfu.ca

Khadijah I. Makky
Department of Biomedical Sciences
Marquette University
khadijah.makky@marquette.edu

Audra A. Kramer
Department of Biomedical Sciences
Marquette University

Justin F. Shaffer
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering
Colorado School of Mines
jshaffer@mines.edu

Sha Sun
Department of Developmental and Cell Biology
University of California, Irvine
shasun@uci.edu

Gary L. Patterson
Department of Biology
Utah State University--Tooele
gary.patterson@usu.edu

Tracie M. Addy
Center for the Integration of Teaching, Learning and Scholarship
Lafayette College
addyt@lafayette.edu

Catherine E. LePrevost
Department of Applied Ecology
North Carolina State University
celeprev@ncsu.edu

Courtney L. McGinnis
Department of Biological Sciences
Quinnipiac University
Courtney.McGinnis@quinnipiac.edu

Karen K. Bernd
Department of Biology
Davidson College
kabernd@davidson.edu

Cindy D. Hauser
Department of Chemistry
Davidson College
cihauser@davidson.edu

Kristie L. Foley
Social Sciences and Health Policy
Wake Forest School of Medicine
kfoley@wakehealth.edu

Mariela Cruz Calderón
Life Sciences
Quest University

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Tracie M. Addy
Center for the Integration of Teaching, Learning and Scholarship
Lafayette College
addyt@lafayette.edu

Kathryn A. Phillips
Department of Biological Sciences
Quinnipiac University
kate.phillips@quinnipiac.edu

Maura O. Stevenson
Department of Biological Sciences
Quinnipiac University
Maura.Stevenson@quinnipiac.edu

Qinxia Li
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science
Fisk University
qli@fisk.edu

Xinyao Yang
Department of Mathematical Sciences
Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University

Lauren S. Gollahon
Department of Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University
lauren.gollahon@ttu.edu

Robert Ortiz
Department of Science and Mathematics
Lansing Community College
bortizmd@aol.com

Sunil Nityanand
Department of Science and Mathematics
Lansing Community College
nityanas@lcc.edu

Orianna Carter
Biology Department
Ohio University Southern
cartero@ohio.edu

Stephanie J. Toering Peters
Department of Biology
Wartburg College
stephanie.toering@wartburg.edu

Amy B. Dounay
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Colorado College
amy.dounay@coloradocollege.edu

Lori L. Driscoll
Department of Psychology
Colorado College
ldriscoll@coloradocollege.edu

Phoebe M. Blessing
Department of Psychology
Colorado College

Hallie M. Comfort
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Colorado College

Joshua M. Mares

Colorado College

Charlie W. Zhao
School of Medicine
Yale University
Weige.zhao@yale.edu

Kevin Xo

Western University

Tom L. Haffie
Department of Biology
Western University
thaffie@uwo.ca

Joan-Beth Gow
School of Fire and Health Sciences
Anna Maria College
jgow@annamaria.edu

Conrad Toepfer
Division of Mathematics & Natural Sciences
Brescia University
conrad.toepfer@brescia.edu

Giovanni Casotti
Department of Biology
West Chester University
gcasotti@wcupa.edu

Christian Angeles
Ayala School of Biological Sciences
University of California, Irvine

Isabella Villano

San Joaquin High School

Andrea Nicholas
Department of Neurobiology and Behavior
University of California, Irvine
acnichol@uci.edu

Justin A. Pruneski
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Heidelberg University
jprunesk@heidelberg.edu

Kristen H. Short
Department of Biology
Manchester University
khshort@manchester.edu

Michelle M. Homan
Department of Environmental Science and Engineering
Gannon University
homan001@gannon.edu

Grace A. Farber
Department of Biological Sciences
University of the Sciences
g.farber@usciences.edu

Amy T. Hark
Biology Department
Muhlenberg College
amyhark@muhlenberg.edu

Joan-Beth Gow
School of Fire and Health Sciences
Anna Maria College
jgow@annamaria.edu

Lisa A. Carpino
Department of Psychology
Anna Maria College
lcarpino@annamaria.edu

Abigail R. Wilson
Division of Biology
Kansas State University
abigailw@k-state.edu

Ashley E. Rhodes
Division of Biology
Kansas State University
aek6613@ksu.edu

Timothy G. Rozell
Animal Sciences and Industry
Kansas State University
trozell@k-state.edu

Jennifer Jackson
Department of Biology
Coastal Carolina University
jjackson@coastal.edu

Karen M. Aguirre
Department of Biology
Coastal Carolina University
kmaguirr@coastal.edu

Dan Johnson
Biology Department
Wake Forest University
johnsoad@wfu.edu

Adam J. Kleinshmit
Department of Biology and Earth Sciences
Adams State University
akleinschmit@adams.edu

Sandra J. Connelly
Thomas H. Gosnell School of Life Sciences
Rochester Institute of Technology
sandra.connelly@rit.edu

Patricia J. Moore
Department of Entomology
University of Georgia
pjmoore@uga.edu

Chantilly A. Apollon
Division of Math and Science
Holy Names University
apollon@hnu.edu

David J. Grise

Oso Bay Educational Consulting
dave_grise@yahoo.com

Kylee Grenis

Tri-County Health Department
kgrenis@gmail.com

Whitley R. Lehto
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Denver
lehtowhi@gmail.com

Shannon M. Murphy
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Denver
shannon.m.murphy@du.edu

Mayra C. Vidal
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Denver
mayra.vidal@du.edu

Robin M. Tinghitella
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Denver
robin.tinghitella@du.edu

Michael E. Ryan
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering
University at Buffalo
meryan@buffalo.edu

Jane P. Sheldon
Department of Behavioral Sciences
University of Michigan—Dearborn
jsheldon@umich.edu

Danielle Balaghi
Department of Counseling, Educational Psychology, and Special Education
Michigan State University
balaghid@msu.edu

Kathleen Boje
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
University at Buffalo
boje@buffalo.edu

Joan Sharp
Department of Biological Sciences
Simon Fraser University
jsharp@sfu.ca

Karin Gastreich
Biology Department
Avila University
karin.gastreich@avila.edu

Christine A. Lai
Business Department
Buffalo State College
laica@buffalostate.edu

Julio C. Rivera, Jr.
Department of Geography and Earth Science
Carthage College
julio@carthage.edu

Philip Camill
Department of Biology
Bowdoin College
pcamill@bowdoin.edu

Darlene Panvini
Biology Department
Belmont University
darlene.panvinid@belmont.edu

Yunqiu (Daniel) Wang
Department of Biology
University of Miami
yunqiu@miami.edu

Andrew T. Johnson
Department of Psychology and Sociology
Park University
ajohnson@park.edu

Anna M. Jähn
Department of Psychology and Sociology
Park University
anna.jaehn@park.edu

Kathy Gallucci
Biology Department
Elon University
gallucci@elon.edu

Celeste A. Leander
Department of Biology & Zoology
The University of British Columbia
cleander@interchange.ubc.ca

Pamela Kalas
Departments of Zoology and Botany
The University of British Columbia
kalas@zoology.ubc.ca

Kim R. Finer
Department of Biological Sciences
Kent State University at Stark
kfiner@kent.edu

Sigrid A. Carle
Biology Department
Hobart and William Smith Colleges
carle@hws.edu

Sigrid A. Carle
Biology Department
Hobart and William Smith Colleges
carle@hws.edu

Justin A. Pruneski
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Heidelberg University
jprunesk@heidelberg.edu

Fiona E. Rawle
Department of Biology
University of Toronto at Mississauga
fiona.rawle@utoronto.ca

Marc Dryer
Department of Biology
University of Toronto at Mississauga
marc.dryer@utoronto.ca

Joan Sharp
Department of Biological Sciences
Simon Fraser University
jsharp@sfu.ca

Kirsten L. Hokeness
Science and Technology Department
Bryant University
khokeness@bryant.edu

Mayra C. Vidal
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Denver
mayra.vidal@du.edu

Kylee Grenis

Tri-County Health Department
kgrenis@gmail.com

Whitley R. Lehto
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Denver
lehtowhi@gmail.com

Robin M. Tinghitella
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Denver
robin.tinghitella@du.edu

Shannon M. Murphy
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Denver
shannon.m.murphy@du.edu

Kathleen A. Nolan
Biology and Health Sciences
St. Francis College
knolan@sfc.edu

Allen J. Burdowski
Biology and Health Sciences
St. Francis College

Parks Collins
Natural Science
Mitchell Community College
pcollins@mitchellcc.edu

Jane P. Sheldon
Department of Behavioral Sciences
University of Michigan—Dearborn
jsheldon@umich.edu

Diane R. Graves
Department of Psychology
Hood College
oliver@hood.edu

Rachael A. Lancor
Department of Chemistry, Geoscience, & Physics
Edgewood College
rlancor@edgewood.edu

Brian R. Lancor
Department of Chemistry, Geoscience, & Physics
Edgewood College
blancor@edgewood.edu

Tracy J. Terry
Division of Science and Wellness
The University of New Mexico—Valencia Campus
tjterry@unm.edu

Anne G. Rosenwald
Department of Biology
Georgetown University
rosenwaa@georgetown.edu

Suzanne R. Carpenter
Department of Chemistry and Physics
Armstrong State University
suzanne.carpenter@armstrong.edu

Richard H. Wallace
Department of Chemistry and Physics
Armstrong State University
richard.wallace@armstrong.edu

Rebecca L. Hite
Department of Curriculum and Instruction
Texas Tech University
rebecca.hite@ttu.edu

Ann T.S. Taylor
Department of Chemistry
Wabash College
taylora@wabash.edu

Rivka L. Glaser
Department of Biology
Stevenson University
rglaser@stevenson.edu

Erin L. Zimmer
Department of Biology
Lewis University
zimmerer@lewisu.edu

Jasmine D. Edgren
Department of Biology
North Carolina Wesleyan College

Erica F. Kosal
Department of Biology
North Carolina Wesleyan College
ekosal@ncwc.edu

Jennifer M. Dechaine
Department of Biological Sciences / Department of Science Education
Central Washington University
dechaine@cwu.edu

Angela C. Oviedo
School of Environmental and Sustainability Science
Kean University

Patrick R. Field
Department of Biological Sciences
Kean University
pfield@cougar.kean.edu

Daniela J. Shebitz
School of Environmental and Sustainability Science
Kean University
dshebitz@kean.edu

Michèle I. Shuster
Department of Biology
New Mexico State University
mshuster@nmsu.edu

Christopher J. Javornik
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
University of Colorado
christopher.javornik@colorado.edu

Akasha M. Faist
Department of Animal and Range Sciences
New Mexico State University
afaist@nmsu.edu

Brian J. Dingmann
Math, Science and Technology Department
University of Minnesota Crookston
dingm021@crk.umn.edu

Elizabeth C. Leininger
Division of Natural Sciences
New College of Florida
eleininger@ncf.edu

Michael B. Finiguerra
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
University of Connecticut: Avery Point Campus
michael.finiguerra@uconn.edu

Hans G. Dam
Department of Marine Sciences
University of Connecticut
hans.dam@uconn.edu

David E. Avery
Department of Arts and Sciences
Maine Maritime Academy
david.avery@mma.edu

Maryuri Roca
Chemistry Department
Skidmore College
mroca@skidmore.edu

Susan Nava-Whitehead
Sciences and Education Department
Becker College
susan.whitehead@becker.edu

Kerri W. Augusto
Psychology and Mental Health Counseling
Becker College
kerri.augusto@becker.edu

Korryna A. Finkelstein
Undergraduate
Becker College

Shianna Cruz
Undergraduate
Becker College

Joel Clark
Undergraduate
Becker College

Ying Guo
School of Science and Technology
Georgia Gwinnett College
yguo1@ggc.edu

Srikripa Chandrasekaran
Department of Biology
Furman University
srikripa.chandrasekaran@furman.edu

Linda Niedziela
Biology Department
Elon University
lniedziela@elon.edu

Hollie L. Leavitt
Department of Biology
College of Western Idaho
hollieleavitt@cwidaho.cc

Monica L. Tischler
Department of Biological Science
Bendectine University
mtischler@ben.edu

Janet A. De Souza-Hart
School of Arts & Sciences
MCPHS University
janet.hart@mcphs.edu

Jody Vogelzang
Department of Allied Health Sciences
Grand Valley State University
vogelzjo@gvsu.edu

David W. Kelley
Department of Geography
University of St. Thomas
dwkelley@stthomas.edu

Clyde Freeman Herreid
Department of Biological Sciences
University at Buffalo
herreid@buffalo.edu

Pragathi Balakrishna
Internal Medicine
Orange Park Medical Center
Pragathi.Balakrishna2@hcahealthcare.com

Sary O. Beidas
Internal Medicine
Orange Park Medical Center
Sary.Beidas@hcahealthcare.com

Sriharsha C. Athota
Internal Medicine
Orange Park Medical Center
Sriharsha.Athota2@hcahealthcare.com

Seung G. Yoon
Internal Medicine
Orange Park Medical Center
Seung.Geun@hcahealthcare.com

Mackenzie A. Hahn
School of Nursing
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

Hannah C. Schake
Kinesiology and Sport Management
Texas Tech University

Ryan T. Schalles
School of Nursing
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

Sarah R. Shioji
School of Nursing
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center at Abilene

Breanna N. Harris
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University
breanna.n.harris@ttu.edu

Maureen Leonard
Sciences Department
Mount Mary University
leonardm@mtmary.edu

Christine M. Carson
Division of Biology
Kansas State University
CarsonCC@ksu.edu

Casey A. Pennock
Division of Biology
Kansas State University
pennock@ksu.edu

Jason W. Ho
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Scott M. Leighow
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Sylvie Lee
Department of Biology
Villanova University

Philip J. Stephens
Department of Biology
Villanova University
phil.stephens@villanova.edu

Kevin Pyatt
College of Computer & Information Sciences
Regis University
kpyatt@regis.edu

Michelle C. Pyatt

Scientific Creations
michelle_pyatt@hotmail.com

Michael I. Rule
National Wildlife Refuge System
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
mike_rule@fws.gov

John G. Cogan
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
The University of Ohio
cogan.1@osu.edu

Emily Hill
Health and Rehabilitation Sciences
The University of Ohio

Henry D. Prange
Medical Sciences Program
Indiana University Bloomington

Nicole D. Tunbridge
Department of Biology
Kwantlen Polytechnic University
Nicole.Tunbridge@kpu.ca

Carol Pollock
Department of Zoology
University of British Columbia
pollock@zoology.ubc.ca

Joan Sharp
Department of Biological Sciences
Simon Fraser University
jsharp@sfu.ca

Brianna S. Nelson
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University

Kelsey N. Aguirre
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University

Alee L. Adams
Department of Nutritional Sciences
Texas Tech University

Emily E. Brodbeck
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University

Breanna N. Harris
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University
breanna.n.harris@ttu.edu

Katherine A. Kurth
Center for Conservation Medicine
Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University
Katherine.kurth@tufts.edu

Tomika M. Haller
Center for Conservation Medicine
Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University
tomikamarie@gmail.com

Annalisa L. Sharkey
Center for Conservation Medicine
Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University
annalisa.sharkey@gmail.com

Whitley R. Lehto
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Denver
lehtowhi@gmail.com

Shannon M. Murphy
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Denver
shannon.m.murphy@du.edu

Mayra C. Vidal
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Denver
mayra.vidal@du.edu

Robin M. Tinghitella
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Denver
robin.tinghitella@du.edu

George E. Keller
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Samford University
gekeller@samford.edu

Anne Farewell
Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology
University of Gothenburg
anne.farewell@cmb.gu.se

Tracie M. Addy
Center for the Integration of Teaching, Learning and Scholarship
Lafayette College
addyt@lafayette.edu

Derek Dube
Department of Biology
University of Saint Joseph
ddube@usj.edu

Jonathan O. Nardolilli

Catlilli Games

Catherine Croft

Catlilli Games

Orville C. Paynter

Catlilli Games

Alex J. Sadowski

Catlilli Games

Michael Petersen

Catlilli Games

Rumin Aidun

Catlilli Games

Fred B. Schnee
Department of Biology
Loras College
fred.schnee@loras.edu

Janine M. Idziak
Bioethics Center
Loras College
Janine.Idziak@loras.edu

Jacqueline C. Ruiz Harewood
Mathematics and Natural Sciences
National University
jruiz@nu.edu

Hollie L. Leavitt
Department of Biology
College of Western Idaho
hollieleavitt@cwidaho.cc

Breanna N. Harris
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University
breanna.n.harris@ttu.edu

Wendy Saltzman
Evolution, Ecology, and Organismal Biology
University of California, Riverside
saltzman@ucr.edu

Michael L. Homesley, Jr.
Department of Physiology
North Carolina State University
homesleymichael@gmail.com

Justin A. Pruneski
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Heidelberg University
jprunesk@heidelberg.edu

Enya J. Granados

Heidelberg University

Kaylee M. Wilburn

Heidelberg University

Sarah A. Orlofske
Biology Department
University of Wisconsin–Stevens Point
Sarah.Orlofske@uwsp.edu

Justin F. Shaffer
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering
Colorado School of Mines
jshaffer@mines.edu

Kirsten L. Hokeness
Science and Technology Department
Bryant University
khokeness@bryant.edu

Stephanie Mott
Department of Science and Technology
Bryant University
smott@bryant.edu

Maria P. Chadiarakou
Bioinformatics
National Center for Genome Resources
mhadres@ncgr.org

Anitha Sundararajan
Bioinformatics
National Center for Genome Resources
asundara@ncgr.org

Ingrid E. Lindquist
Health Sciences Center
University of New Mexico
ingrid.e.lindquist@gmail.com

Gabriella A. DeFrancesca

Desert Academy

Madeline Kwicklis

The Masters Program

Drew A. Lighthall

Tierra Encantada

Natasha E. Farmer


Michèle I. Shuster
Department of Biology
New Mexico State University
mshuster@nmsu.edu

Joann Mudge
Bioinformatics
National Center for Genome Resources
jm@ncgr.org

Brian K. Sato
Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry
University of California, Irvine
bsato@uci.edu

Eduardo Cruz-Hinojoza
Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry
University of California, Irvine

Duyen Dinh-Dang
Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry
University of California, Irvine

David E. Gammon
Department of Biology
Elon University
dgammon@elon.edu

Adam R. Irvine
Biological Sciences
University of Denver
adamirvinesm@gmail.com

Eva S. Horna-Lowell
Biological Sciences
University of Denver

Mathew J. Driscoll
Geography and Natural Sciences
University of Denver

Emily D. Broder
Biological Sciences
University of Denver
e.dale.broder@gmail.com

Noura Farih
College of Human Sciences
Texas Tech University

Lauren T. Lund
College of Human Sciences
Texas Tech University

Sara E. Morgan
College of Arts and Sciences
Texas Tech University

Johnny M. Turner
Family Practice
Texas Physicians Group
jtur0524@gmail.com

Breanna N. Harris
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University
breanna.n.harris@ttu.edu

Nathaniel R. Beres
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Heidelberg University
nberes@heidelberg.edu

Kelsie M. Bernot
Department of Biology
North Carolina A&T State University
kmbernot@ncat.edu

Telah A. Wingate
Department of Biology
North Carolina A&T State University

Kiara D. Whitaker
Department of Biology
North Carolina A&T State University

Amber J. Raven
Biological Sciences and Behavioral Neurosciences
St. Edward’s University

Jessica Williamson
Biological Sciences and Behavioral Neurosciences
St. Edward’s University

Raelynn D. Haynes
Biological Sciences
St. Edward’s University
paulad@stedwards.edu

Beth A. Lawrence
Natural Resources and the Environment
University of Connecticut
beth.lawrence@uconn.edu

Christopher R. Field
National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC)
University of Maryland
chrisfield22@gmail.com

Janet A. De Souza-Hart
School of Arts & Sciences
MCPHS University
janet.hart@mcphs.edu

Joseph DeMasi
School of Arts and Sciences
MCPHS University
joe.demasi@mcphs.edu

Matthew J. Van Sant
Department of Agriculture, Biology and Health Sciences
Cameron University
mvansant@cameron.edu

Brett C. Couch
Departments of Botany and Zoology
University of British Columbia
bcouch@mail.ubc.ca

Ashley E. Rhodes
Division of Biology
Kansas State University
aek6613@ksu.edu

Timothy G. Rozell
Animal Sciences and Industry
Kansas State University
trozell@k-state.edu

Abigail R. Wilson
Division of Biology
Kansas State University
abigailw@k-state.edu

Kaitlin A. Pate
Kinesiology and Sports Management
Texas Tech University

Paul M. Acosta
Kinesiology and Sports Management
Texas Tech University

Melinda A. Payne
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University

Breanna N. Harris
Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University
breanna.n.harris@ttu.edu

Laura A. Schoenle
Office of Undergraduate Biology
Cornell University
las86@cornell.edu

Cynthia J. Downs
Department of Biology
Hamilton College
cdowns@hamilton.edu

Michele M. Cox
Department of Biology
University of the Virgin Islands
michelle.cox@uvi.edu

Jack F. Eichler
Department of Chemistry
University of California, Riverside
jack.eichler@ucr.edu

Dachin N. Frances
Department of Biology
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
dfrances89@gmail.com

Sanja Hinić-Frlog
Department of Biology
University of Toronto at Mississauga
sanja.hinic.frlog@utoronto.ca

Annie Prud’homme-Genereux
Continuing Studies and Executive Education
Capilano University
anniepg@capilanou.ca

Nora S. Green
Department of Chemistry
Randolph-Macon College
ngreen@rmc.edu

Joan Sharp
Department of Biological Sciences
Simon Fraser University
jsharp@sfu.ca

Erin Barley
Department of Biological Sciences
Simon Fraser University
ebarley@sfu.ca

Kevin K.-W. Lam
Department of Biological Sciences
Simon Fraser University
klamf@sfu.ca

Suraaj Aulakh

Simon Fraser University
suraaj_aulakh@sfu.ca

Allison Cornell
Department of Biological Sciences
Cedar Crest College
Allison.Cornell@cedarcrest.edu

Kathleen A. Fitzpatrick
Department of Biological Sciences
Simon Fraser University
kathleef@sfu.ca

Katherine S. LaCommare
Department of Natural Sciences
University of Michigan—Dearborn
kslacomm@umich.edu

Peter A. Van Zandt
Department of Biology
Birmingham-Southern College
pvanzand@bsc.edu

Willietta Gibson
Department of Biological and Chemical Sciences
Bennett College
wgibson@bennett.edu

Kimberly S. Farah
Applied Forensic Science
Lasell College
kfarah@lasell.edu

Janice P. Wittstrom
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Mount Royal University
jwittstrom@mtroyal.ca

Helen S. Joyner
School of Food Science
University of Idaho
hjoyner@uidaho.edu

Clinton Stevenson
Department of Food, Bioprocessing and Nutrition Sciences
North Carolina State University
cdsteve3@ncsu.edu

Joseph DeMasi
School of Arts and Sciences
MCPHS University
joe.demasi@mcphs.edu

Janet A. De Souza-Hart
School of Arts & Sciences
MCPHS University
janet.hart@mcphs.edu

Patrick R. Field
Department of Biological Sciences
Kean University
pfield@cougar.kean.edu

Diana Colgan
Department of Biology
Kean University

Catherine Potok
Department of Biology
Kean University

Rachel A. Jackson
Department of Biology
Marian University

Kimberly S.C. Vogt
Department of Biology
Marian University
kvogt@marian.edu

Ryan P. Rogers
Department of Sciences
Wentworth Institute of Technology
rogersr2@wit.edu

Joseph D. Shih
Natural Sciences and Mathematics
University of Saint Mary
Shih429@stmary.edu

Annette W. Neuman
Department of Chemistry
Oxford College of Emory University
annette.neuman@emory.edu

Betty Jo Chitester
Chemistry Department
Gannon University
chitester@gannon.edu

Weslene T. Tallmadge
Chemistry Department
Gannon University
tallmadge@gannon.edu

Thomas E. Hynd
Biology Department
James Madison University
hyndte@jmu.edu

Elizabeth V. Berkeley
Department of Biology and Earth Science
Otterbein University
eberkeley@otterbein.edu

Janet C. Daniel
Biology Department
James Madison University
danie2jc@jmu.edu

Justin W. Brown
Biology Department
James Madison University
brown3jw@jmu.edu

Bisi T. Velayudhan
Biology Department
James Madison University
velayubt@jmu.edu

Krista E. Slemmons
Department of Biology
University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point
kslemmon@uwsp.edu

Carolyn L. Danna
Department of Biology
Stevenson University
cdanna@stevenson.edu

Janna R. Willoughby
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources
Purdue University
jwillou@purdue.edu

Avril M. Harder
Department of Biological Sciences
Purdue University
harder@purdue.edu

Jaqueline M. Doyle
Department of Biological Sciences
Towson University
jdoyle@towson.edu

Anneke M. Metz
Medical/Dental Education Preparatory Program (MEDPREP)
Southern Illinois University School of Medicine
ametz@siumed.edu

Michael L. Allen
Department of Physics and Astronomy
Washington State University
mlfa@wsu.edu

Eric J. Herrera
Department of Chemistry
California State University, Sacramento

Linda M. Roberts
Department of Chemistry
California State University, Sacramento
robertslm@csus.edu

Jun Liang
Science Department
Borough of Manhattan Community College / City University of New York
Jliang@bmcc.cuny.edu

Avril M. Harder
Department of Biological Sciences
Purdue University
harder@purdue.edu

Janna R. Willoughby
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources
Purdue University
jwillou@purdue.edu

Jaqueline M. Doyle
Department of Biological Sciences
Towson University
jdoyle@towson.edu

Parks Collins
Natural Science
Mitchell Community College
pcollins@mitchellcc.edu

Jason Macrander
Department of Biology
Florida Southern College
jmacrander@flsouthern.edu

Diana Colgan
Department of Biology
Kean University

Wajid Mirza
Department of Biology
Kean University

Laura Y. Lorentzen
Department of Biology
Kean University
llorentz@kean.edu

Kristie Reilly
Department of Biology
Kean University
kreilly@kean.edu

Abstract:

The focus of this case study is the way differing views on native fluency and bilingualism have an impact on writing instruction in colleges. In the case, students read about the high school and college experiences of a young woman who moved to the United States from the Dominican Republic at age nine with a good deal of fluent, informal spoken English, but little skill in reading and writing formal, standard English. Students follow Maria as she wrestles with her identity as an English user and, along the way, encounter high school teachers and college professors wrestling with a lack of information about how students gain mastery of a language and literacy.

Objectives:
  • List the complicating factors that make trying to define “bilingualism” and “native fluency” difficult.
  • List and discuss the academic and emotional consequences for students whose teachers have vague and conflicting definitions of bilingualism.
  • Develop a list of five recommendations to help students whose weak academic language skills appear to be barriers to academic success.
  • Discuss the implications of this case for students’ future employment opportunities and social and emotional well being.
Keywords: Bilingualism; English as a Second Language; ESL; native fluency; literacy; writing pedagogy
Topical Area: Social issues
Educational Level: Undergraduate lower division, Undergraduate upper division, Graduate
Formats: PDF
Type/Method: Discussion, Interrupted, Role-Play
Language: English
Subject Headings: Agriculture   Agriculture   Analytical Chemistry   Civil Engineering   Climatology   Bioinformatics   Biology (General)   Anthropology   Atmospheric Science   Biology (General)   Anthropology   Atmospheric Science   Anthropology   Paleontology   Bioinformatics   Aquaculture   Aerospace Engineering   Computer Science   Veterinary Science   Agriculture   Sociology   Anthropology   Astronomy   Analytical Chemistry   Analytical Chemistry   Bioinformatics   Microbiology   Forestry   Biochemistry   test   test2   test2   test 999   test 777   Ecology   Atmospheric Science   Aquaculture   Biotechnology   Aerospace Engineering   Aerospace Engineering   Aerospace Engineering   Aquaculture   Anthropology   Industrial Engineering   GIS   Biology (General)   Inorganic Chemistry   Botany / Plant Science   Chemistry (General)   Earth Science   Engineering (General)   Business / Management Science   Aerospace Engineering   Aerospace Engineering   Cell Biology   Climatology   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