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Suzy’s Misdiagnosis

The Path to Revealing a Rare Autoimmune Disease


Author(s)

Hayden E. Sando
Department of Biological Sciences
University of the Sciences
Amrik S. Gill
Department of Biological Sciences
University of the Sciences
Wasim Anwar
Department of Biological Sciences
University of the Sciences
w.anwar@usciences.edu
Grace A. Farber
Department of Biological Sciences
University of the Sciences
g.farber@usciences.edu

Abstract

In this directed case study, students investigate a clinical scenario involving a patient’s bout with a rare autoimmune disease, Susac syndrome. The patient, “Suzy,” goes through a series of tests that lead to a misdiagnosis before her condition is correctly identified. The case was inspired by medical literature documenting evidence of Susac syndrome in patients misdiagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS). Students explore symptoms, diagnostic tests, and treatments that are needed for the proper identification and management of Susac syndrome, which is clinically underdiagnosed due to symptoms that often mimic those of MS. This case was developed for neuroscience or anatomy and physiology courses and covers important concepts in clinical neuroscience. It is particularly suited for undergraduates interested in pursuing careers in science and healthcare. Overall, students will gain a breadth of knowledge including disease pathology and the visual system.


Objectives

• Understand and apply knowledge of the visual system and basic neurological pathways.
• Use secondary literature sources to understand multiple sclerosis and Susac syndrome.
• Investigate pharmaceutical treatment options in reference to the mechanisms of neurological and autoimmune diseases.
• Understand why a clinical misdiagnosis could occur and the reasons why certain treatments are effective for a particular disease.


Keywords

Neuroscience; visual system; Susac syndrome; multiple sclerosis; medicine; neuropharmacology; clinical pathology; clinical misdiagnosis

Topical Areas

N/A

Educational Level

Undergraduate lower division, Undergraduate upper division

Format

PDF

Type / Methods

Analysis (Issues), Directed

Language

English

Subject Headings

Anatomy  |   Biology (General)  |   Medicine (General)  |   Neuroscience  |   Physiology  |  


Date Posted

01/29/2021

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