A Case of Spinal Cord Injury
Department of Biology
Spring Hill College
“Jason Hendrix,” a 21-year-old student majoring in economics, is injured in a serious motorcycle accident while on spring break in Florida. Students read the short case scenario, which provides a brief clinical history of the patient and a description of his injury, then answer a set of directed questions designed to probe the students’ knowledge of the anatomy, physiology, and pathology underlying the patient’s condition. The case study has been used in both a sophomore-level course in human anatomy and physiology and a senior-level course in general physiology.
- Learn the definitions of the terms tetraplegia and paraplegia, and the term neurological level as it relates to spinal cord injury (SCI).
- Learn the definition of the term dermatome and how it relates to normal function of the spinal cord as well as the localization of the site of SCI.
- Learn the definition of the term myotome and how myotomes are used to localize the site of SCI.
- Learn the definition of the term stretch reflex, and how the examination of such reflexes is used to localize the site of SCI.
- Learn how cases of SCI are managed.
KeywordsNervous system; acute spinal cord injury; spine; tetraplegia; paraplegia; dermatome; myotome; stretch reflex; spinal reflex
Educational LevelUndergraduate lower division, Undergraduate upper division
Type / MethodsDirected
Subject HeadingsPhysiology | Anatomy | Neuroscience | Medicine (General) |