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A Case of Spinal Cord Injury


Author(s)

David F. Dean (rr)
Department of Biology
Spring Hill College
ddean@shc.edu

Abstract

“Jason Hendrix,” a 21-year-old student majoring in economics, is injured in a serious motorcycle accident while on spring break in Florida.  Students read the short case scenario, which provides a brief clinical history of the patient and a description of his injury, then answer a set of directed questions designed to probe the students’ knowledge of the anatomy, physiology, and pathology underlying the patient’s condition. The case study has been used in both a sophomore-level course in human anatomy and physiology and a senior-level course in general physiology.


Objectives

  • Learn the definitions of the terms tetraplegia and paraplegia, and the term neurological level as it relates to spinal cord injury (SCI).
  • Learn the definition of the term dermatome and how it relates to normal function of the spinal cord as well as the localization of the site of SCI.
  • Learn the definition of the term myotome and how myotomes are used to localize the site of SCI.
  • Learn the definition of the term stretch reflex, and how the examination of such reflexes is used to localize the site of SCI.
  • Learn how cases of SCI are managed.

Keywords

Nervous system; acute spinal cord injury; spine; tetraplegia; paraplegia; dermatome; myotome; stretch reflex; spinal reflex

Topical Areas

N/A

Educational Level

Undergraduate lower division, Undergraduate upper division

Format

PDF

Type / Methods

Directed

Language

English

Subject Headings

Physiology  |   Anatomy  |   Neuroscience  |   Medicine (General)  |  


Date Posted

12/02/05

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