An Unusual Case of Animal Reproduction
Department of Biological Sciences
Clark Atlanta University
Department of Biology
This case study in human reproduction follows Andrea, a college biology student who discovers she is pregnant with twins, but is not sure who the father is. Students are presented with a variety of signs, symptoms, and physiological information that they interpret by researching and answering a series of questions. Students gain an understanding of female reproductive cycles by investigating this unusual pregnancy. Students also discuss the importance of safe sex practices and contraception. Developed for an undergraduate general biology course, the case also could be used in women's studies, human health and sexuality, or advanced high school biology courses as well as upper-division anatomy and physiology courses. There also is an opportunity to discuss the biotechnology involved in DNA/paternity testing (DNA extraction, enzyme digestion, and gel electrophoresis).
- Distinguish between asexual and sexual reproduction.
- Define parthenogenesis and describe conditions that favor its occurrence.
- Explain the function of pheromones in mate attraction.
- Describe the major differences between oogenesis and spermatogenesis.
- Define conception, gestation, and parturition.
- Describe the changes that occur in the mother and the developing embryo during each trimester of a human pregnancy.
- Explain the role of embryonic hormones during the first few months of pregnancy.
- List the various methods of contraception and explain how each works.
KeywordsHuman reproduction; menstrual cycle; pregnancy; ova; estrogen; progesterone; fertilization; heteropaternal; superfetation; superfecundation; oogenesis; fraternal twins; pheromones; sex; contraception; DNA testing
Topical AreasScience and the media
Educational LevelUndergraduate lower division, Undergraduate upper division, Graduate
Type / MethodsAnalysis (Issues), Discussion, Interrupted
Subject HeadingsBiology (General) | Anatomy | Physiology | Molecular Biology | Biotechnology |
Case teaching notes are password-protected and access to them is limited to paid subscribed instructors. To become a paid subscriber, begin the process by registering.
Teaching notes are intended to help teachers select and adopt a case. They typically include a summary of the case, teaching objectives, information about the intended audience, details about how the case may be taught, and a list of references and resources.