Unintended Consequences of Plant Domestication on Plant-Insect Interactions
Department of Biology
Pennsylvania State University
Department of Plant and Soil Science
The University of Vermont
This case study investigates how plant domestication sometimes produces unintended consequences for plant-insect interactions. The narrative follows a boy in middle school, Podrick, who goes on a class field trip and notices that there are no caterpillar pests on the native sunflowers, in contrast to the farm on which his father grows domesticated sunflowers. When Podrick asks his teacher for an explanation, she agrees to do some research and report back the next day. The students in your course examine the research she finds and are tasked with formulating an answer in terms that Podrick can understand. In addition to offering teachers and students the opportunity to explore multi-trophic level interactions, students also work on writing hypotheses, interpreting data, integrating knowledge, and writing a clear and concise summary of results. This case is appropriate for introductory ecology, entomology, agriculture, or science education courses. Depending on how in-depth teachers want to go with statistics, the case might also be appropriate for similar upper level courses.
- Make hypotheses regarding how plant domestication (artificial selection) might have unintended consequences for plant-insect interactions.
- Consider multiple trophic interactions among plants and insects.
- Interpret bar graphs with multiple treatments and statistical significance.
- Concisely summarize results from several experiments that showcase one example of how plant breeding had unintended consequences for plant-insect interactions.
- Research and share findings from other studies that have revealed how plant domestication had unintended consequences for plant-insect interactions with different mechanisms as explanations.
Keywordsplant domestication; plant-insect interactions; food web; food chain; multi-trophic interactions; sunflower; parasitoid; moth
Educational LevelHigh school, Undergraduate lower division, Undergraduate upper division
Type / MethodsAnalysis (Issues), Journal Article
Subject HeadingsAgriculture | Biology (General) | Botany / Plant Science | Ecology | Environmental Science | Evolutionary Biology | Natural Resource Management | Science Education | Statistics |